# General problems: who first invented algebra?

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Al-Khwarizmi, a Persian mathematician, is credited as the father of algebra.

## So let us dig a little deeper

Al-Khwarizmi, a Persian mathematician, is credited as the father of algebra. He lived in the Islamic Golden Age during the 9th century and his work revolutionized mathematics.

According to the British mathematician, G.H. Hardy, “Algebra, in the very early stages, is just arithmetic with letters. Al-Khwarizmi seems to have realized that one could go further, and, by establishing some techniques and conventions, use these operations with letters to solve equations which only involved numbers.” This realization was groundbreaking and formed the foundation for modern algebra.

Interesting facts about Al-Khwarizmi and algebra:

• The word algebra comes from the Arabic term “al-jabr” which means “reunion of broken parts.”
• Al-Khwarizmi’s book “Kitab al-Jabr wal-Muqabala” (The Book of Al-Jabr and Restoration) is the earliest surviving work on algebra. It was translated into Latin in the 12th century and had a profound impact on European mathematics.
• Al-Khwarizmi also made significant contributions to other fields of mathematics, including trigonometry and astronomy.
• His name also gave us the word “algorithm,” which comes from “Algoritmi,” the Latinized version of his name.
• Al-Khwarizmi’s work was instrumental in the development of modern scientific notation.
• In addition to his mathematical achievements, Al-Khwarizmi was also a scholar in other fields, including geography and history.

Here is a table summarizing Al-Khwarizmi’s contributions to mathematics:

Field Contributions
Algebra Development of techniques and conventions for solving equations
Trigonometry Advancements in sine, tangent, and cotangent functions
Astronomy Improved models for predicting planetary motion
Scientific Notation Development of the system of decimal fractions and exponential notation
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Overall, Al-Khwarizmi’s work laid the foundation for much of modern mathematics, and his legacy continues to be felt today.

## View the further responses I located

Muhammad ibn Musa al-KhwarizmiMuhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi was a 9th-century Muslim mathematician and astronomer. He is known as the “father of algebra”, a word derived from the title of his book, Kitab al-Jabr. His pioneering work offered practical answers for land distribution, rules on inheritance and distributing salaries.

Credit is usually given to either Diophantus (3rd century AD, Alexandria) or Muhammed al-Khwarizmi (c. 780-850, Baghdad – though born in the region of Khwarizm in what was northern Persia). Al-Khwarizmi gives us the word “algebra” from his book Al-kitab al-muhtasar fi hisab al-Jabr wa-l-muqabala. “Al-Jabr” translates as something like “completing” or “restoring” and refers to the method of removing a negative from one side and adding the positive to the other, for example [math]3x+2=4-2x[/math] converts to [math]5x+2=4[/math].

Of course many others were involved and the symbolic algebra we use today was developed by European mathematicians of the renaissance. Notably Descartes introduced the superscript notation for powers (eg [math]x^3[/math]).

Source: A History of Mathematics, 3rd Edition, Victor J. Katz (2009)

## Response via video

The word “algorithm” stems from the name of a Persian mathematician and scholar, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi. Al-Khwarizmi was a director in the House of Wisdom and made significant contributions to mathematics, astronomy, geography, and cartography. He introduced Hindu-Arabic numerals to the West and contributed to maths by showing how complex problems could be broken down into simpler parts and solved. This paved the way for the computer age, as the principles of algorithms became the foundation for modern computing.

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When was algebra first invented?
The origins of algebra precede his birth by 2,500 years — in ancient Babylonia, Egypt and Athens. The earliest known origins are the Rhind mathematical papyrus, written by the scribe Ahmes (or Ahmose) in Egypt around 1650 BC.

Also to know is, Who invented algebra and where was it invented?
Answer to this: The origins of algebra can be traced to the ancient Babylonians, who developed a positional number system that greatly aided them in solving their rhetorical algebraic equations.
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In respect to this, Who invented algebra in the golden age? The response is: Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi
Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (c. 780-850), also known as The Father of Algebra, was mathematician, astronomer and geographer. He was a scholar of the House of Wisdom in Baghdad; he introduced the basics of Algebra and Algorithm still used to this day.

Where was the inventor of algebra born?
Response: Few details of al-Khwārizmī’s life are known with certainty. Ibn al-Nadim gives his birthplace as Khwarazm, and he is generally thought to have come from this region. His name means ‘the native of Khwarazm’, a region that was part of Greater Iran, and is now part of Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.