There is no specific Arab mathematician as the Arab world has produced numerous notable mathematicians throughout history.

**So let us dig a little deeper**

The Arab world has produced numerous notable mathematicians throughout history, making it impossible to pinpoint just one. Arab mathematicians have made significant contributions to fields such as algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and astronomy. According to the UNESCO report “Science in Islamic Civilization,” the Arabic language played a significant role in the development of mathematics during the medieval period: “With the vast Arabic empire stretching from Spain to India, it was only natural that Arabs would come into contact with many different mathematical traditions… the influence was mutual, as Islamic mathematics emerged to have a powerful impact on mathematics around the world.” Here are some interesting facts on Arab mathematicians:

- Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi was a Persian scholar whose work in algebra and algorithms played a significant role in the development of modern mathematics. His name gave rise to the term “algorithm.”
- Thābit ibn Qurra was a Syrian scholar who made important contributions to astronomy, mathematics, and physics. He is known for his work on number theory and the theorem of Thābit.
- Alhazen was an Arab scientist who made significant contributions to optics and astronomy. He is known for his work on reflection, refraction, and the use of lenses in telescopes.
- Nasir al-Din al-Tusi was a Persian mathematician and astronomer who introduced the concept of the Tusi couple, which allowed for the representation of linear motion in a circular path. This concept was used by Copernicus in his heliocentric model of the solar system.
- Ibn al-Haytham was an Arab mathematician and scientist who made important contributions to optics and physics. He is known for his work on the nature of light and the camera obscura.

As UNESCO states, “Islamic mathematics was a unifying factor that brought together different cultures and disciplines.” The contributions of Arab mathematicians have had a lasting impact on the field of mathematics and continue to be studied and celebrated today.

Table of notable Arab mathematicians:

Name Field of Mathematics Contributed to

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi Algebra, Algorithms

Thābit ibn Qurra Number Theory, Theorem of Thābit

Alhazen Optics, Astronomy

Nasir al-Din al-Tusi Linear Motion, Astronomy

Ibn al-Haytham Optics, Physics

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“The Fathers of Mathematics – The Ancient History of Arabia – The Ascent of Civilization” explores the historical contributions of the Arab people to the world of mathematics, medicine, science, literature, and culture. The video delves into the roots of Islam and the Arab peoples, who created the “House of Wisdom” in Baghdad as a hub for scholarship and scientific discovery. Through this institution, they transmitted the knowledge of the ancient world and East to Europe, making groundbreaking advancements in astronomy, medicine, and algebra. The video also examines the Arab Empire’s expansion into Spain, the introduction of previously unknown crops and irrigation techniques, and the preservation and further development of knowledge from various cultures. Ultimately, we are reminded of the importance of cultural heritage and the enduring legacy of Arab scholars and rulers in advancing civilization.

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al-Khwārizmī, in full Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī, (born c. 780 —died c. 850), Muslim mathematician and astronomer whose major works introduced Hindu-Arabic numerals and the concepts of algebra into European mathematics.

al-Khwārizmī, in full

Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī, (born c. 780 —died c. 850), Muslim mathematician and astronomer whose major works introduced Hindu-Arabic numerals and the concepts of algebra into European mathematics.

Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī [note 1] (Arabic: محمد بن موسى الخوارزمي; c. 780 – c. 850), or al-Khwarizmi, was a Persian polymath from Khwarazm, who produced vastly influential works in mathematics, astronomy, and geography.

**People also ask**

Beside this, **Who is the most famous Arab mathematician?** Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

Perhaps the most famous mathematician was *Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi* (ca. 800-ca. 847), author of several treatises of earth-shattering importance.

People also ask, **Who is the father of math in Islam?**

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi was a 9th-century Muslim mathematician and astronomer. He is known as the “father of algebra”, a word derived from the title of his book, Kitab al-Jabr. His pioneering work offered practical answers for land distribution, rules on inheritance and distributing salaries.

Besides, **Who was the mathematician in the Middle East?**

In reply to that: Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī is probably the most famous Muslim mathematician. He lived about 800-847 CE. Al- Khwārizmī was born in Qutrubull, an area near Baghdad between the Tigris and Euphrates rives, but was brought to work at the House of Wisdom by the Caliph al-Ma’mun.

Also asked, **What is the contribution of Arab in math?** The reply will be: In mathematics, the Arab cipher, or zero, made workable the solution of complicated mathematical problems. The Arab numeral, an improvement on the original Hindu invention, and the Arab decimal system made simpler and more flexible the course of science.

**What did Arabic mathematicians do?**

As a response to this: Although the Arabic mathematicians are most famed for their work on *algebra, number theory and number systems*, they also made considerable contributions to geometry, trigonometry and mathematical astronomy.

Keeping this in consideration, **Who is Ibn al-Haytham?** They write new content and verify and edit content received from contributors. Ibn al-Haytham, Latinized as Alhazen, in full, Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham, (born c. 965, Basra, Iraq—died c. 1040, Cairo, Egypt), mathematician and astronomer who made significant contributions to the principles of optics and the use of scientific experiments.

Also Know, **Who is the father of algebra ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi?**

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, a Persian scholar in the House of Wisdom in Baghdad was the founder of algebra, is along with the Greek mathematician Diophantus, known as the father of algebra.

**Is Ibn al-Haytham the father of optics?** Response: UNESCOdeclared 2015 the International Year of Lightand its Director-General Irina Bokova dubbed Ibn al-Haytham ‘the father of optics’. Amongst others, this was to celebrate Ibn Al-Haytham’s achievements in optics, mathematics and astronomy.

Additionally, **What did Arabic mathematicians do?**

Although the Arabic mathematicians are most famed for their work on algebra, number theory and number systems, they also made considerable contributions to geometry, trigonometry and mathematical astronomy.

Likewise, **Who is Ibn al-Haytham?**

Answer: They write new content and verify and edit content received from contributors. Ibn al-Haytham, Latinized as Alhazen, in full, Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham, (born c. 965, Basra, Iraq—died c. 1040, Cairo, Egypt), *mathematician and astronomer* who made significant contributions to the principles of optics and the use of scientific experiments.

Subsequently, **Who is the father of algebra ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi?** Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, a Persian scholar in the House of Wisdom in Baghdad was the founder of algebra, is along with the Greek mathematician Diophantus, known as the father of algebra.

Keeping this in view, **Is Ibn al-Haytham the father of optics?** The response is: UNESCOdeclared 2015 *the *International Year of Lightand its Director-General Irina Bokova dubbed Ibn al-Haytham ‘*the *father of optics’. Amongst others, this was to celebrate Ibn Al-Haytham’s achievements in optics, mathematics and astronomy.

## It will be interesting for you

**And did you know that,**Al-Khwarizmi is one of the most famous astronomers, geologist, and mathematician at the time of the Golden Era of Muslims. He is also the inventor of many mathematical methods and a branch of math, called Algebra. Furthermore, he was the first to use decimals to express the fractions.

**It is interesting:**Al-Khwārizmī’s teachings are considered the foundations and cornerstone of the sciences and influenced millions of learned men throughout the world. During the late Medieval period, his work on arithmetic and astronomy contributed to the system of education made up of the Seven Liberal Arts.

**Did you know:**Ever since he made his name present in every math book, al-Khwārizmī became one of the most popular figures in Arabic history. He was mentioned by almost every single media outlet that existed. So what’s new? The importance of his work does not lie in what he did twelve centuries ago, but to the methods he applied to produce such results.