Mathematics became popular in Western Europe during the Renaissance era, which lasted from the 14th to the 17th century.
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Mathematics has been an essential part of academics and human evolution. Though the application of mathematics is thousands of years old, its popularity in Western Europe can be traced back to the Renaissance era, from the 14th to the 17th century.
During the Renaissance era, people were actively concerned with intellectual pursuits and scientific inquiry. Scholars had access to ancient Greek and Roman texts, as well as Arabic manuscripts, which had preserved many of the mathematical works of the ancient world. The revival of the ancient knowledge and the development of new mathematical ideas led to a surge of interest in the subject.
Mathematics opened up the possibility of understanding the world in new ways, leading to great discoveries and advancements in various fields such as physics, astronomy, and engineering. One of the most exciting applications of the newfound knowledge was the procedure of accurate measurements and scientific experiments.
According to the famous mathematician and philosopher, René Descartes, “Mathematics is a more powerful instrument of knowledge than any other that has been bequeathed to us by human agency.” The statement indicates the importance of mathematics in scientific inquiry, and the growing interest in the field during the Renaissance era.
Here are some interesting facts about the development of mathematics in Western Europe during the Renaissance:

Leonardo da Vinci, the famous painter, and inventor was also a proficient mathematician and contributed to various mathematical studies, in addition to his other works.

Galileo Galilei, an Italian physicist, mathematician, and astronomer, made significant contributions to mathematics and is considered the father of modern observational astronomy.

During the Renaissance era, mathematics became a crucial tool for navigation, leading to the development of new and improved seafaring instruments like the compass, astrolabe, and the sextant.

The invention of the printing press in the 15th century led to the wide dissemination of scientific knowledge and enabled the sharing of mathematical and other scientific ideas across countries and continents.
Here is a table displaying some essential mathematicians and their contributions during the Renaissance era:
Mathematician  Contributions 

Leonardo da Vinci  Worked on perspectives, geometry, and proportion 
Galileo Galilei  Worked on calculus, mechanics, and astronomy 
Johannes Kepler  Worked on planetary motion and calculus 
Nicole Oresme  Worked on algebra, geometry, and trigonometry 
John Napier  Invented logarithms and worked on geometry 
François Viète  Worked on algebra and introduced letters as symbols 
In conclusion, mathematics became popular in Western Europe during the Renaissance era because of scientific inquiry and the revival of ancient knowledge. The growing fascination in the subject, along with the invention of new and improved instruments, led to significant advancements that changed our understanding of the world.
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This section explores the development of European math from 500 to 1600 AD, highlighting key figures and their contributions to the field. Despite the challenges of the time, such as war and the Black Plague, translators and educators continued to disseminate knowledge and improve mathematical techniques. The introduction of printing and the resurgence of classical works played a role in this improvement, as did the creation of new symbols such as the x and y axis, plus and minus signs, square root, pi, and sine and cosine. Notable mathematicians from this period include Nicole Oresme, who used coordinate graphs and fractional exponents. Other figures are also discussed, including Clavius, Stephan, Copernicus, and Rheticus, all of whom made important contributions to mathematics.
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1200 and 1700 AD
European mathematicians made amazing progress in many areas of mathematics and science between 1200 and 1700 AD because of the new number system.
European mathematicians made amazing progress in many areas of mathematics and science between 1200 and 1700 AD because of the new number system.
It’s hard to put a precise date without generating debate, but I’d put forward that Europe took the lead at some point between the early 14th to late 15th century.
Several processes were in full motion around then:
Medieval Scientific Dynamism
Where there was indeed a dearth of books and literate scholars in the Early Middle Ages, science and technology in the Mid to Late Medieval Europe actually was a lot more dynamic than is often credited. It saw developments such as the Three Field System, plowingrelated technologies, millrelated technologies, etc. – all of which contributed to significantly boost the agricultural output.
Also worth highlighting during the period are universities, which began to appear between the 11th and 13th century depending on the region.
My point here is that it’s incorrect to assume Europe was roamed by uneducated peasants only. And the Byzantine Empire to the East was far from backwards, and still interacting with Western Europe. Science never reall…
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