Islamic math impacted the world by introducing the decimal system, algebra, and trigonometry to Europe during the Middle Ages, which revolutionized mathematics and paved the way for modern science and technology.

## Explanatory question

Islamic math has had a remarkable impact on the world and its development, particularly on mathematics. The impact of Islamic math has been profound in many areas, including the introduction of numerical systems, algebra, and trigonometry, which have revolutionized mathematics and paved the way for modern science and technology. These mathematical advances were first made in 9th century Baghdad by the mathematician Al-Khwarizmi and others, and soon spread throughout the Islamic world.

Islamic math’s most significant contribution is its decimal system, which is now widely used throughout the world. Before the decimal system, calculations were performed using Roman numerals, which made even simple arithmetic operations challenging. The use of the decimal system allowed for calculations to be performed more efficiently, making complex mathematical concepts easier to understand and work with.

Islamic math also introduced algebra, which is considered one of the most significant intellectual developments in human history. The concept of algebra was developed to solve complex problems that could not be solved by arithmetic, providing a new level of mathematical reasoning and the ability to manipulate variables. This allowed for more complex and accurate calculations, making science and engineering possible.

Finally, Islamic math introduced trigonometry, which involves the study of the relationships between the sides and angles of a triangle. Trigonometry was essential for the development of astronomy and navigation, as it allowed for precise calculations of distances, angles, and positions. This innovation allowed for more accurate measurements and mapping of the world.

As a result of these mathematical advancements, Islamic civilization became a leading center of intellectual and cultural development during the Middle Ages, making significant contributions to the development of science, mathematics, and technology. As Bertrand Russel once said, “Mathematics, taken in the widest sense, is not only a science but also a philosophy, and the fact that Islamic mathematicians were able to develop such a remarkable system in the 9th century bodes well for the future of intellectual development.”

Interesting Facts:

- A major Islamic mathematical work, the Almagest, was translated into Arabic in the 9th century and became the basis for Islamic astronomy.
- The concept of the algorithm, a procedure for solving mathematical problems, was developed in the Islamic world and named after Al-Khwarizmi, the creator of algebra.
- Islamic mathematicians also made significant contributions to the understanding of optics, geometry, and mechanics.
- Many European mathematicians, such as Leonardo Fibonacci, were heavily influenced by Islamic mathematical developments.

Table:

Contribution | Description |
---|---|

Decimal System | Introduced the use of zero and a positional system for counting. |

Algebra | Developed to solve complex problems that could not be solved by arithmetic. |

Trigonometry | Studied the relationships between the sides and angles of a triangle, essential for the development of astronomy and navigation. |

**See a video about the subject.**

The Islamic Golden Age of science was a period of diversity where scholars from various backgrounds worked together to exchange and translate ideas. Among the famous scientists was Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, who invented algebra and the Banu Masu brothers, who built automatic devices that revolutionized modern life. Additionally, the Persian philosopher, physician, and physicist Ibn-Sīnā made wide-ranging influences from Indian and Chinese medicine, cementing important principles still present today such as the need for drug testing. The importance of connections between people of different backgrounds is highlighted, with diversity being linked to better quality research due to increased creativity and fewer assumptions. The ideas that emerged during the Islamic Golden Age of Science changed the foundation for research being done today, and the advancements are a reminder for the potential of when different minds come together.

## Other responses to your question

Answer:Important progress was made, such as full development of the decimal place-value system to include decimal fractions, the first systematised study of algebra, and advances in geometry and trigonometry. Arabic works played an important role in the transmission of mathematics to Europe during the 10th to 12th centuries.

## You will probably be interested in this

Thereof, **What impact did the Islamic world have on mathematics?**

The response is: Islamic mathematicians quickly adopted the Indian system of numerals, which we know today as Arabic numerals. Other contributions included creating algebra, the use of decimals, mathematical induction, and trigonometry, among others.

**What was the most importance of the Islamic world to mathematics?**

The introduction of the number zero was especially important for mathematics, and the number 0 was used for about 250 years throughout the Islamic world before Europe ever heard of it! He also introduced the Hindu concept of decimal positioning notation to the Arab and European worlds, which we still use today!

**Which was an important contribution of the Arabic world to mathematics?**

In reply to that: So in conclusion the Arab people had a huge and lasting influence on the world of mathematics because they *transported key theories of the trigonometry of the sine*, the base 10 place value system, approximation of pie by the circumscription of polygons, as well as the concept of zero to Europe and also because of Al-

Besides, **How did algebra impact the Islamic world?** The answer is: Although it contained no specific innovations, and although it strictly followed the Islamic tradition of formulating and solving problems in purely rhetorical fashion, it was instrumental in communicating the Hindu-Arabic numerals to a wider audience in the Latin world.

Also, **How did Islamic civilization contribute to modern mathematics?**

No wonder the Islamic civilization also contributed significantly to the development of the branch of modern mathematics. In the field of geometry, an Islamic scientist name Ibn al-Haitham developed an analytical geometry that links geometry with algebra. In addition, he also introduced the concept of movement and transformation in geometry.

Beside above, **What arithmetic system did Islam use?**

As a response to this: The third system was *Indian arithmetic*, whose basic numeral forms, complete with the zero, eastern Islam took over from the Hindus. (Different forms of the numerals, whose origins are not entirely clear, were used in western Islam.)

**What did Islamic scientists do in the 10th century?** Answer: Islamic scientists in the 10th century were involved in three major mathematical projects: the completion of arithmetic algorithms, the development of algebra, and the extension of geometry.

**How did the Islamic empire contribute to science?**

The safety, expanse, and knowledge gathering of the Islamic Empire made many advances in science and the arts possible. Just in the field of mathematics there were a number of notable achievements. A huge contribution was the adoption of a number system from India, which included the numbers 1-9 and the concept of 0 as a number.

Subsequently, **When did Islamic mathematics start?**

Islamic contributions to mathematics began around ad 825, when the Baghdad mathematician Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī wrote his famous treatise al-Kitāb al-mukhtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-jabr wa’l-muqābala (translated into Latin in the 12th century as Algebra et Almucabal, from which the modern term algebra is derived).

Additionally, **What arithmetic system did Islam use?**

The reply will be: The third system was Indian arithmetic, whose basic numeral forms, complete with the zero, eastern Islam took over from the Hindus. (Different forms of the numerals, whose origins are not entirely clear, were used in western Islam.)

**Are mathematicians children of Islam?** Response will be: As mathematicians, *we are all children of Islam*. Following the advent of Islam in the seventh\r century, Islamic forces attacked and conquered\r all of North Africa, most of the middle \r East, and even parts of Western Europe, most \r notably Spain. The capital of this empire, \r Baghdad, was established on the Tigris River.

In this manner, **What did Arabic mathematicians do?**

Although the Arabic mathematicians are most famed for their work on *algebra, number theory and number systems*, they also made considerable contributions to geometry, trigonometry and mathematical astronomy.