Geometry in Islam has its roots in the Quran and the Hadiths where it is mentioned several times, but it was further developed through the works of Muslim mathematicians such as Al-Khwarizmi and Ibn al-Haytham.

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Geometry in Islam has a rich history that dates back to the early Islamic era. The roots of Islamic geometry can be traced back to the Quran and the Hadiths, where it is mentioned several times. For example, the Quran states, “He has created everything in proportion.” (Quran 54:49) This concept of proportion is a foundation of Islamic geometry.

One of the most significant contributions to Islamic geometry was made by the Persian mathematician, Al-Khwarizmi. In his book, Al-Jabr wa’l Muqabala, he introduced the concept of algebra and wrote extensively on geometric theories.

Another famous Muslim mathematician who contributed greatly to the field of geometry was Ibn al-Haytham. He is best known for his work on optics, but also made significant contributions to the development of trigonometry and geometry.

An interesting fact about Islamic geometry is that it was not only used for its aesthetic appeal but also had practical applications in architecture and design. Islamic architectural designs are known for their intricate geometric patterns, which were not only decorative but also functional in terms of acoustics and ventilation.

Moreover, Islamic geometric patterns were also significant in Islamic art, and they have been used extensively to decorate manuscripts, carpets, and even ceramics.

In conclusion, Islamic geometry has a rich history and has contributed greatly to the field of mathematics, architecture, and art. As quoted by Al-Khwarizmi, “The science of mathematics is the gate and key to the sciences… Whoever does not know mathematics cannot know any other science.” Thus, the importance of Islamic geometry in the development of science and mathematics cannot be overstated.

Famous Muslim Mathematicians | Contribution to Geometry |
---|---|

Al-Khwarizmi | Introduced algebra and wrote extensively on geometric theories |

Ibn al-Haytham | Contributed to the development of trigonometry and geometry |

Omar Khayyam | Solved geometrically the cubic equation |

Al-Mahani | Developed a method for finding the direction of Mecca using a compass and geometry |

Al-Farabi | Wrote about Euclid’s Elements and contributions to geometry and optics |

Al-Quhi | Contributed to the field of spherical geometry |

Table: Famous Muslim Mathematicians and their contributions to Geometry

## Response via video

Islamic geometric design is a sophisticated art form that originated during the 8th century CE and involves existing motifs from Roman and Persian cultures being developed into new forms of visual expression. In this video, the underlying characteristics and techniques of Islamic geometric design, as found in places such as mosques and palaces, are explained. The art form encompasses increasing levels of abstraction, complex geometry, and patterns that seem to repeat endlessly, and yet all that is required to create these designs are a compass and a ruler. Each design begins with a circle that is then divided into four, five, or six equal parts that give rise to distinctive patterns. Furthermore, the underlying grid must be an essential part of each pattern’s creation, making the pattern accurate and facilitating the invention of new designs. Lastly, the tessellation, or the repeating of patterns, is the hallmark of Islamic geometric design which serves to create a visually stunning piece of art.

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Islamic geometric patterns are derived from simpler designs used in earlier cultures: Greek, Roman, and Sasanian. They are one of three forms of Islamic decoration, the others being the arabesque based on curving and branching plant forms, and Islamic calligraphy; all three are frequently used together.

Geometry is an important element in Islamic art and culture. Geometric elements have been employed since the origin of Islamic art and were used to create unique geometric formations, serving as the underlying structure of Islamic design process. Geometric forms were an acceptable substitute for the proscribed forms, and infinitely repeating patterns represent the unchanging laws of God. Geometric patterns are believed to mirror the infinite nature of Allah in several ways, and the repetitive, complex geometric designs in Muslim art give the impression that even the smallest element of pattern plays a distinctive role in the infinite repetition of the whole.

In Islamic art, geometric elements have been employed since its origin and were used to create unique geometric formations, serving as the underlying structure of Islamic design process. Geometry or proportional geometry is a sacred art form due to its fundamental association with the Creation’s principal laws.

In Islamic culture,

geometry is everywhere. You can find it in mosques, madrasas, palaces and private homes. This tradition began in the 8th century CE during the early history of Islam, when craftsmen took preexisting motifs from Roman and Persian cultures and developed them into new forms of visual expression.

Geometric forms were an acceptable substitute for the proscribed forms. An even more important reason is that geometric systems and Islamic religious values, though expressed in different forms, say similar things about universal values. In Islamic art, infinitely repeating patterns represent the unchanging laws of God.

Geometric patterns are believed to mirror the infinite nature of Allah in several ways. Circles for example, have neither a beginning nor an end. The repetitive, complex geometric designs in Muslim art give the impression that even the smallest element of pattern plays a distinctive role in the infinite repetition of the whole.

The most common —and, I think, sound— explanation given for Islamic art and architecture favoring the geometric is that Islam’s prohibition against representational figures [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aniconism_in_Islam ] (called aniconism, and perhaps originally concerned mostly with idolatry in a multi-religion environment) drove creativity in other, unique directions.

Once an interpretation of the hadith bars representing anything living, one is a bit constrained in how to decorate or adorn or express in traditional ways; geometric shapes and patterns are a natural-enough solution (and compounded with other areas of interest in the early-Islamic world), and are in any event defensibly interpretable [ https://www.alartemag.be/en/en-art/the-crucial-role-of-geometry-in-islamic-art/ ] in their own ways:

%3E The main thing I love and respect about them is, even though they are all so diverse, they still share a common law. The idea[s] of symmetry, harmony, and structure [are] alway…

## More interesting questions on the issue

**How was geometry used in Islam?** In Islamic art, geometric elements have been employed since its origin and were used **to create unique geometric formations**, serving as the underlying structure of Islamic design process. Geometry or proportional geometry is a sacred art form due to its fundamental association with the Creation’s principal laws.

**Who created Islamic geometry?** By the 10th century, original Muslim contributions to science became significant. The earliest written document on geometry in the Islamic history of science is that authored by **Khwarizmi** in the early 9th century (Mohamed, 2000).

Simply so, **Did Muslims use geometric patterns?**

Whether isolated or used in combination with nonfigural ornamentation or figural representation, geometric patterns are popularly associated with Islamic art, largely due to their aniconic quality.

**What does geometry mean to Islam?**

Answer: Islamic art uses geometry to **represent the spiritual features of objects rather than the physical ones**. This is also one of the many reasons why this form of art is dear to Muslims; it is a symbol of their obedience to Allah’s decree.

Hereof, **Where is geometry found in Islamic culture?** Answer: In Islamic culture, geometry is everywhere. You can find it in mosques, madrasas, palaces and private homes. This tradition began in the 8th century CE during the early history of Islam, when craftsmen took preexisting motifs from Roman and Persian cultures and developed them into new forms of visual expression.

Besides, **What is the relationship between Islamic religious beliefs and geometric patterns?** There is a **direct relation** between Islamic religious beliefs and the evolution and use of geometric patterns. Probably the most commonly known Islamic principle influencing art is aniconism, which is the discouragement of the representation of figures of beings. The Quran says that the work of God is unique and unrepeatable.

Moreover, **Where did geometry come from?**

Geometry came from **Greek language**; geo means earth, and metron is measure. It concerned with questions of shape, size, relative position of figures, and the properties of space. In the era of Islamic Caliphate, Muslim scientists also helped develop geometry. In fact, in the Middle Ages, geometry was dominated by Muslim mathematicians.

In this manner, **Why did Islamic craftsmen turn geometry into art?**

Response will be: Islamic craftsmen turned geometry into an art form **because pictures of people were not allowed in holy places**. Dutchman Eric Broug – who lives in the north of England – has become a global ambassador for this design style. Here he explains why it fascinates him, and gives a step-by-step guide for a tiling of stars

## Interesting on the topic

**Did you know that,**The expansion and development of geometric patterns through Islamic arts can be dated back to the 8th and 9th centuries. This period of history was a golden age of Islamic culture. Islamic geometric patterns can be created using just a compass to create a circle and a ruler to make lines within them. And from these simple tools emerges a repeating pattern.

**It is interesting:**Islamic geometric patterns were the first form of art in the Arabian Peninsula. Most forms of geometric patterns use shapes resembling hexagons, squares, and pentagons. They were originally invented by Euclid, who also invented geometry. They are ususally found on ceilings of churches, in colored or broken glass. The Shah Nematollah Vali Shrine, Mahan, Iran, 1431.