Muslims created various types of math, including algebra, trigonometry, and the decimal system.

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Muslim mathematicians made significant contributions in various areas of mathematics that we use today. One of the most notable contributions was the creation of algebra, which originated from the Arabic word “al-jabr,” meaning “reunion of broken parts.” The Persian mathematician Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī, known as the father of algebra, wrote a book named “Al-Jabr wa-al-Muqabilah” in the early ninth century, which laid down the foundation of algebra.

Another important area is trigonometry, which is the study of triangles and angles. Muslim mathematicians developed trigonometric techniques to solve the aptitude problems of the time that related to measurements of land and distances between cities. In the eleventh century, Al-Biruni, an Islamic scholar, wrote “Treatise on the Detection of Errors in Trigonometric Tables,” which included a comprehensive exposition of spherical trigonometry.

Moreover, another significant contribution by Muslim mathematicians was the development of the decimal system, which is the system of numbers used throughout the world today. The numeral system we use today originates from the Hindu-Arabic numeral system, and the Muslim mathematicians made significant contributions in its development.

In conclusion, Muslim mathematicians have contributed significantly to mathematics in various areas, including algebra, trigonometry, and the decimal system. As the famous mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss stated, “Mathematics is the queen of the sciences and arithmetic is the queen of mathematics.”

Here are some interesting facts:

- Al-Khwarizmi also made significant contributions to geography and astronomy, and the names of several stars in Arabic today reflect his work.
- The Arabic script is used widely in the mathematical world, notably in the use of Arabic numerals, which is based on our present numerical system.
- Muslim mathematicians introduced the symbols for zero and decimal fractions, which were crucial in the development of algebra and the decimal system.
- Some of the famous Muslim mathematicians include Al-Khwarizmi, Al-Kindi, Al-Biruni, Ibn Al-Haytham, and Omar Khayyam.

Table:

Contribution | Description |
---|---|

Algebra | Solve problems using letters and symbols, laying the foundation for modern algebra |

Trigonometry | Study of triangles and angles for measurements of land and distances between cities |

Decimal System | Originated from the Hindu-Arabic numeral system, including the use of zero and decimal fractions |

## Video answer to your question

Islamic geometric design is a sophisticated art form that originated during the 8th century CE and involves existing motifs from Roman and Persian cultures being developed into new forms of visual expression. In this video, the underlying characteristics and techniques of Islamic geometric design, as found in places such as mosques and palaces, are explained. The art form encompasses increasing levels of abstraction, complex geometry, and patterns that seem to repeat endlessly, and yet all that is required to create these designs are a compass and a ruler. Each design begins with a circle that is then divided into four, five, or six equal parts that give rise to distinctive patterns. Furthermore, the underlying grid must be an essential part of each pattern’s creation, making the pattern accurate and facilitating the invention of new designs. Lastly, the tessellation, or the repeating of patterns, is the hallmark of Islamic geometric design which serves to create a visually stunning piece of art.

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Muslims made significant contributions to mathematics during the 7th to the 13th century, which is considered the golden age of Muslim learning. They invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it, including the concept of ‘zero’. They also invented algebra, made significant advances in the field of trigonometry, and fused the best of Greek mathematics with important Hindu and Persian concepts to create a mathematical structure that was far grander than what they had inherited. However, it is important to note that Muslims did not invent mathematics, which is an ancient discipline that has been around for thousands of years.

The 7th to the 13th century was the golden age of Muslim learning. In mathematics they contributed and invented the present

arithmetical decimal systemand the fundamental operations connected with it: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, exponentiation, and extracting the root. They also introduced the ‘zero’ concept to the world.

Specifically, they invented the algebra that most learn in school today, made significant advances in the field of trigonometry, and helped form a synthesis of mathematical ideas, fusing the best of Greek mathematics with important Hindu and Persian concepts to create a mathematical structure that was far grander than what they had inherited.

No, Muslims did not invent mathematics. Maths is an ancient discipline that has been around for thousands of years, long before Islam and the Islamic world came about.

No.

There’s a long history of algebra which you could easily look up on Wikipedia, as you would do if you were genuinely interested in the truth about this question. History of algebra – Wikipedia [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_algebra ]

Bits and pieces of what we now call “algebra” were around for thousands of years before Islam. A Muslim scholar codified much of this and gave it the name which we transliterate as “algebra,” so he should rightly be given much credit in the long history of this discipline. “The word “algebra” is derived from the Arabic [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_language ] word الجبر al-jabr, and this comes from the treatise written in the year 830 by the medieval Persian mathematician, Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_ibn_Musa_al-Khwarizmi ], whose Arabic title, Kitāb al-muḫtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-ğabr wa-l-muqābala [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Compendious_Book_on_Calculation_by_Completion_and_Balancing…

## People also ask

Considering this, **What branch of mathematics was invented by Muslims?**

Answer: "Perhaps one of the most significant advances made by **Arabic mathematics** began at this time with the work of al-Khwarizmi, namely the beginnings of algebra.

**Did the Muslims create algebra?**

Response to this: **Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi was a 9th-century Muslim mathematician and astronomer.** **He is known as the “father of algebra”**, a word derived from the title of his book, Kitab al-Jabr. His pioneering work offered practical answers for land distribution, rules on inheritance and distributing salaries.

**What types of math did the Arabs develop?** Although the Arabic mathematicians are most famed for their work on algebra, number theory and number systems, they also made considerable contributions to geometry, trigonometry and mathematical astronomy.

Similarly, **What did Muslims contribute to geometry?**

The great philosopher Abū Naṣr al‐Fārābī (ca. 870–950) proposed many geometric constructions of parabolas, regular polygons, squares equal to three given equal squares, constructions with one opening of the compass, and constructions on the sphere.

**Did You Know Islamic mathematicians made great contributions to mathematics?**

You probably know that the numbers in the decimal number system are called Arabic numerals, but did you know that Islamic mathematicians made great contributions to **geometry, algebra**, and other fields of mathematics? The history of mathematical advancements in the Islamic Empire is closely related to conquest-driven expansion.

**Is philosophy of mathematics an independent discipline in the medieval Islamic world?**

As a response to this: Putting these scattered engagements together, it becomes clear that although philosophy of mathematics has **never been treated as an independent discipline** in the medieval Islamic world, Muslim thinkers came up with very interesting and profound ideas, insights, and arguments about at least some philosophical issues related to mathematics.

Beside this, **What arithmetic system did Islam use?**

The third system was Indian arithmetic, whose basic numeral forms, complete with the zero, eastern Islam took over from the Hindus. (Different forms of the numerals, whose origins are not entirely clear, were used in western Islam.)

Secondly, **Where did mathematics come from?**

In reply to that: The first great flowerings of mathematics occurred in Babylonia, Egypt, and Greece. With the passing of time, these cultures either vanished or became assimilated into the Roman Empire. In particular, the Greek tradition in mathematics helped establish the form of European and Roman mathematics for several centuries.

## Related facts

**Did you know that,**Islamic mathematicians translated virtually every surviving Greek text on mathematics and they were certainly aware of the Greek discoveries and formulations of problems. In fact, the earliest Muslim text describing algebra describes problems that could only have been translated from the Greeks. Al-Daffa, A.A. The Muslim Contribution to Mathematics. Maor, Eli.