No, Islam did not create geometry.
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While Islam has contributed greatly to the world of mathematics, it did not create geometry. The Greeks are often credited with the development of geometry, specifically Euclid who wrote the foundational work “Elements” around 300 BCE. Islamic scholars later translated and expanded on this work, contributing to the development and dissemination of geometry throughout the world.
As the British mathematician G.H. Hardy famously wrote, “It now appears that the Greeks had all the important ideas about geometry, except in one direction; they had no analytic or coordinate geometry, and this is the essential characteristic which distinguishes modern from ancient geometry.”
Interestingly, Islamic scholars did make important contributions to the study of mathematics and geometry, including the idea of three-dimensional perspective in art, as well as the development of calculus and algebra.
It’s also worth noting that many cultures around the world independently developed concepts of geometry. For example, ancient civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and India had their own geometric systems and formulas.
Overall, while Islam played a significant role in the development and dissemination of mathematical knowledge, it did not create geometry.
Here is a table summarizing some key contributions and developments in geometry throughout history:
|Ancient World||Euclid’s “Elements” lays the foundation for geometry|
|Islamic World||Scholars like al-Khwarizmi and al-Kindi translate and expand on Euclid’s work, as well as make their own contributions in fields like algebra and calculus|
|Renaissance||The study of geometry experiences a revival, with figures like Leonardo da Vinci and Johannes Kepler making important contributions|
|Modern Era||The development of analytic geometry, calculus, and non-Euclidean geometry revolutionizes the field, with figures like Newton and Gauss making significant breakthroughs|
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By the 10th century, original Muslim contributions to science became significant. The earliest written document on geometry in the Islamic history of science is that authored by Khwarizmi in the early 9th century (Mohamed, 2000).
Thus, mathematics and geometry came to existence. The prominent historian, De Vaux, in his book, “ The Philosophers of Islam ” said: “they (the Muslims) were indisputably the founders of plane and spherical geometry.”
The most common —and, I think, sound— explanation given for Islamic art and architecture favoring the geometric is that Islam’s prohibition against representational figures [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aniconism_in_Islam ] (called aniconism, and perhaps originally concerned mostly with idolatry in a multi-religion environment) drove creativity in other, unique directions.
Once an interpretation of the hadith bars representing anything living, one is a bit constrained in how to decorate or adorn or express in traditional ways; geometric shapes and patterns are a natural-enough solution (and compounded with other areas of interest in the early-Islamic world), and are in any event defensibly interpretable [ https://www.alartemag.be/en/en-art/the-crucial-role-of-geometry-in-islamic-art/ ] in their own ways:
%3E The main thing I love and respect about them is, even though they are all so diverse, they still share a common law. The idea[s] of symmetry, harmony, and structure [are] alway…
Video response to “Did Islam create geometry?”
Islamic geometric design is a sophisticated art form that originated during the 8th century CE and involves existing motifs from Roman and Persian cultures being developed into new forms of visual expression. In this video, the underlying characteristics and techniques of Islamic geometric design, as found in places such as mosques and palaces, are explained. The art form encompasses increasing levels of abstraction, complex geometry, and patterns that seem to repeat endlessly, and yet all that is required to create these designs are a compass and a ruler. Each design begins with a circle that is then divided into four, five, or six equal parts that give rise to distinctive patterns. Furthermore, the underlying grid must be an essential part of each pattern’s creation, making the pattern accurate and facilitating the invention of new designs. Lastly, the tessellation, or the repeating of patterns, is the hallmark of Islamic geometric design which serves to create a visually stunning piece of art.
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One may also ask, How was geometry used in Islam?
In Islamic art, geometric elements have been employed since its origin and were used to create unique geometric formations, serving as the underlying structure of Islamic design process. Geometry or proportional geometry is a sacred art form due to its fundamental association with the Creation’s principal laws.
When was Islamic geometry invented? Response will be: The earliest geometrical forms in Islamic art were occasional isolated geometric shapes such as 8-pointed stars and lozenges containing squares. These date from 836 in the Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia, and since then have spread all across the Islamic world.
Also question is, What does geometry mean to Islam?
Answer will be: Islamic art uses geometry to represent the spiritual features of objects rather than the physical ones. This is also one of the many reasons why this form of art is dear to Muslims; it is a symbol of their obedience to Allah’s decree.
Besides, Why did Muslims use geometry as an art form?
Response: Geometry. A common feature of Islamic art is the covering of surfaces covered with geometric patterns. This use of geometry is thought to reflect the language of the universe and help the believer to reflect on life and the greatness of creation.
Also, What is geometric Islamic design? The reply will be: Let’s Begin… In Islamic culture, geometric design is everywhere: you can find it in mosques, madrasas, palaces, and private homes. And despite the remarkable complexity of these designs, they can be created with just a compass to draw circles and a ruler to make lines within them. Eric Broug covers the basics of geometric Islamic design.
Consequently, What was the first Islamic geometric pattern Symposium? Answer to this: In 2013 the Istanbul Center of Design and the Ensar Foundation ran what they claimed was the first ever symposium of Islamic Arts and Geometric Patterns, in Istanbul. The panel included the experts on Islamic geometric pattern Carol Bier, [g] Jay Bonner, [h] Eric Broug, [i] Hacali Necefoğlu [j] and Reza Sarhangi.
Why did Islamic craftsmen turn geometry into art? As a response to this: Islamic craftsmen turned geometry into an art form because pictures of people were not allowed in holy places. Dutchman Eric Broug – who lives in the north of England – has become a global ambassador for this design style. Here he explains why it fascinates him, and gives a step-by-step guide for a tiling of stars
Also Know, What shapes are used in Islamic art?
Islamic geometric patterns are formed from four basic shapes: circles, squares, stars, and multi-sided polygons. The circle and the square are the most basic shapes. The star shape is derived from squares or triangles inscribed in a circle, and the 8-point star is a common element in Islamic art.
Also asked, What is geometric Islamic design?
As a response to this: Let’s Begin… In Islamic culture, geometric design is everywhere: you can find it in mosques, madrasas, palaces, and private homes. And despite the remarkable complexity of these designs, they can be created with just a compass to draw circles and a ruler to make lines within them. Eric Broug covers the basics of geometric Islamic design.
In respect to this, What was the first Islamic geometric pattern Symposium? The reply will be: In 2013 the Istanbul Center of Design and the Ensar Foundation ran what they claimed was the first ever symposium of Islamic Arts and Geometric Patterns, in Istanbul. The panel included the experts on Islamic geometric pattern Carol Bier, [g] Jay Bonner, [h] Eric Broug, [i] Hacali Necefoğlu [j] and Reza Sarhangi.
Why did Islamic craftsmen turn geometry into art?
The answer is: Islamic craftsmen turned geometry into an art form because pictures of people were not allowed in holy places. Dutchman Eric Broug – who lives in the north of England – has become a global ambassador for this design style. Here he explains why it fascinates him, and gives a step-by-step guide for a tiling of stars
Just so, How did the Islamic era affect mathematics?
They were able to draw on and fuse together the mathematical developments of both Greece and India. One consequence of the Islamic prohibition on depicting the human form was the extensive use of complex geometric patterns to decorate their buildings, raising mathematics to the form of an art.