No, not all mathematics PhDs work as mathematicians. Some pursue academic or research positions outside of mathematics, while others move into industry or other fields.

## Detailed response question

Mathematics PhDs are highly specialized individuals who have spent years studying and researching advanced topics in mathematics. While many go on to pursue careers as mathematicians, there are also a variety of other career paths available to these individuals.

According to the American Mathematical Society, “While most doctoral students in mathematics are preparing for careers in academia, some will choose careers in industry, government, or consulting.” In fact, a survey conducted by the AMS found that approximately 40% of mathematics PhDs go on to work in industry, while another 20% work in government or non-profit organizations.

Industry jobs that may be available to mathematics PhDs include positions in data science, finance, cryptography, computer programming, and more. Government and non-profit jobs may include positions in national security, policy analysis, education, and more.

One famous example of a mathematics PhD who pursued a non-traditional career path is John Urschel. Urschel earned his math PhD from MIT, but instead of pursuing a career in academia, he went on to play professional football in the NFL for several years.

Here are some interesting facts about mathematics PhDs:

- According to the National Science Foundation, the number of doctorates awarded in mathematics has been steadily increasing in recent years, from 1,141 in 2010 to 1,398 in 2019.
- The median salary for mathematicians in the United States was $105,030 in 2020, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
- Famous mathematicians who earned PhDs in the field include Alan Turing, John Nash, and Terence Tao.
- In addition to traditional academic programs, there are also online PhD programs in mathematics available from reputable institutions such as Colorado State University and Northcentral University.

Below is a table showing some possible career paths for mathematics PhDs:

Career path | Description |
---|---|

Academic | Teaching and conducting research at a university |

Industry | Applying mathematical principles to solve problems in a variety of industries |

Government | Working for government agencies such as the National Security Agency or the Census Bureau |

Non-profit | Working for organizations such as the American Mathematical Society or the Mathematical Association of America |

Consulting | Providing mathematical expertise and advice to businesses and organizations |

Entrepreneurship | Starting a business that utilizes math skills, such as a data analysis or software development company |

## In this video, you may find the answer to “Are all mathematics PhDs working mathematicians?”

Mathematicians and physicists have different ways of thinking about and approaching problems, with mathematicians preferring to focus on the logic of their arguments and physicists looking for situations where the mathematics applied can be used to explain real-world phenomena. One example of this difference is the theorem that three dimensions of space are special, with mathematicians being able to derive the same results in a two-dimensional space if they are careful enough. However, the modern attitude of mathematicians is not to be beholden to physics, with many of them preferring to work on problems that are more interesting or relevant to themselves.

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Not

Notall Mathematics PhDs are working mathematicians or associated with academia.

Not all Mathematics PhDs are working mathematicians or associated with academia.

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Math Professor Degree | Percentages |
---|---|

Bachelors | 61% |

Masters | 32% |

Doctorate | 4% |

Associate | 2% |

*A graduate degree in mathematics is the most common educational requirement for mathematicians*. However, there are positions for those whose highest level of education is a bachelor’s degree.

*software developers*. The ones who finish their pure math PhDs also drop out and do things such as blogging, tutoring, etc.

*3100*mathematicians in US.

*are*doing

*mathematics*and

*are*indeed

*mathematicians*. Furthermore, the number of

*mathematicians*is increasing. The number of new Ph.D.’s in the U.S. has gone up every year since 2002.

*software developers*. The ones who finish their pure math PhDs also drop out and do things such as blogging, tutoring, etc.