Muslim scholars played a significant role in the development and advancement of mathematics, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age from the 8th to the 15th century.

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Muslim scholars made significant contributions to the field of mathematics during the Islamic Golden Age, which lasted from the 8th to the 15th century. They built on the knowledge of ancient civilizations such as Greece, India, and Babylon, and developed new mathematical tools and concepts that revolutionized the field.

One of the most significant contributions made by Muslim mathematicians was the creation of algebra. They introduced a symbolic system in which unknown quantities could be represented by letters, and developed methods for solving equations and systems of equations. One of the earliest works in this field was the book Al-Jabr wa-al-Muqabilah (The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing) written by mathematician Al-Khwarizmi in the 9th century, from which the word “algebra” is derived.

Another important development in mathematics during the Islamic Golden Age was the introduction of the decimal system and the numeral zero, which were adopted from Indian mathematics. This system made arithmetic operations much easier and laid the foundation for modern mathematics. As famous historian of mathematics Carl Boyer wrote: “The introduction of the symbol zero signified a profound and far-reaching advance in the science of mathematics.”

Muslim mathematicians also made significant contributions to trigonometry, geometry, and astronomy. They developed new methods for measuring the Earth and the stars, and made accurate calculations for astronomical events such as eclipses and planetary positions.

Here are some interesting facts about Muslim contributions to math:

- The Persian mathematician Al-Khwarizmi is considered the “father of algebra”. His works were translated into Latin and influenced European mathematicians in the Renaissance.
- The Persian mathematician Omar Khayyam is known for his work on cubic equations and his contribution to the calendar reform.
- The Syrian mathematician Al-Biruni made significant contributions to the fields of trigonometry and geodesy, and calculated the radius of the Earth with remarkable accuracy.
- Muslim mathematicians used quills and ink to write on paper, and developed sophisticated techniques for bookbinding and preservation. Many works from the Islamic Golden Age have survived to this day in libraries around the world.

Here is a table summarizing some of the most important contributions made by Muslim mathematicians:

Field | Contributions |
---|---|

Algebra | Creation of symbolic algebra, development of methods for solving equations |

Arithmetic | Introduction of decimal system and numeral zero |

Trigonometry | Development of new methods for calculating trigonometric functions |

Geometry | Development of new geometric concepts, calculations of areas and volumes |

Astronomy | Accurate measurements of celestial bodies, prediction of astronomical events |

In conclusion, Muslim scholars played a crucial role in the development and advancement of mathematics during the Islamic Golden Age. Their contributions laid the foundation for many of the mathematical concepts we use today, and their legacy continues to inspire new generations of mathematicians. As physicist Michio Kaku once said: “If you ask where modern mathematics comes from, you cannot escape the influence of the Islamic world.”

## Video answer to your question

This video discusses the debate between those who believe that mathematics is discovered, and those who believe that it is invented. The video provides examples of how mathematics has been used to solve problems in the real world.

## Some further responses to your query

Islamic scientists in the 10th century were involved in three major mathematical projects: the completion of arithmetic algorithms, the development of algebra, and the extension of geometry.

No.

There’s a long history of algebra which you could easily look up on Wikipedia, as you would do if you were genuinely interested in the truth about this question. History of algebra – Wikipedia [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_algebra ]

Bits and pieces of what we now call “algebra” were around for thousands of years before Islam. A Muslim scholar codified much of this and gave it the name which we transliterate as “algebra,” so he should rightly be given much credit in the long history of this discipline. “The word “algebra” is derived from the Arabic [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_language ] word الجبر al-jabr, and this comes from the treatise written in the year 830 by the medieval Persian mathematician, Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_ibn_Musa_al-Khwarizmi ], whose Arabic title, Kitāb al-muḫtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-ğabr wa-l-muqābala [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Compendious_Book_on_Calculation_by_Completion_and_Balancing…

## I am confident you will be intrigued

### When did Muslims create math?

Islamic contributions to mathematics began **around ad 825**, when the Baghdad mathematician Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī wrote his famous treatise al-Kitāb al-mukhtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-jabr wa’l-muqābala (translated into Latin in the 12th century as Algebra et Almucabal, from which the modern term algebra is derived).

### Who discovered mathematics first?

In reply to that: The earliest evidence of written mathematics dates back to the **ancient Sumerians**, who built the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia. They developed a complex system of metrology from 3000 BC.

### Did Islam invent calculus?

The answer is: The 10th Century Persian mathematician Muhammad Al-Karaji worked to extend algebra still further, freeing it from its geometrical heritage, and **introduced the theory of algebraic calculus**.

### Did Muslims use algebra?

Response: Such was the influence of this work that the Arabic phrase al jabr in the book’s title gave rise to our modern word "algebra". After Al-Khwarizmi, **algebra became an important part of Arabic mathematics**. Arabic mathematicians learned to manipulate polynomials, to solve certain algebraic equations, and more.