Algebra was invented in ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt around 2000-1600 BCE.

## Detailed answer to your question

Algebra, a branch of mathematics that deals with variables and equations, was invented in ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt between 2000 and 1600 BCE. The Babylonians were the first to use algebraic equations to solve problems, and their system of mathematics was highly advanced. According to professor of mathematics, Victor J. Katz, “Babylonians were concerned with finding exact solutions to problems, and they had to be able to manipulate both numbers and formulas in order to do so” [1].

Here are some interesting facts on the topic of algebra:

- The word “algebra” comes from the Arabic word “al-jabr,” which means “reunion of broken parts.”
- Algebraic symbols were first introduced in the 16th century by Francois Vieta, allowing for a more efficient way of solving equations.
- Algebraic equations were used extensively by scientists and astronomers during the Scientific Revolution in the 16th and 17th centuries.
- Algebra is not just used in mathematics, but also in various other fields such as engineering, physics, and computer science.

Table:

Algebra in Ancient Civilizations | |
---|---|

Origin | Mesopotamia, Egypt |

Timeline | 2000-1600 BCE |

Contributions | Use of algebraic equations to solve problems |

Most notable civilization | Babylonians |

In conclusion, the invention of algebra in ancient civilizations has greatly influenced the field of mathematics and has been used extensively in various other fields. As mathematician William Paul Thurston said, “Mathematics is not about numbers, equations, computations, or algorithms. It is about understanding” [2].

References:

[1] Katz, V.J. “A History of Mathematics: An Introduction.” 3rd ed., Pearson Education Limited, 2008.

[2] Thurston, W.P. “On proof and progress in mathematics.” Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, vol. 30, no. 2, 1994, pp. 161-177.

## Response via video

The video explores the origins of algebra, with a focus on the book “Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing” which introduced the term algebra and was written by al-Khwarizmi, a Persian mathematician. The book emphasizes the abstract problem-solving and balancing equations in algebra, which has its roots in ancient Babylon around 2000 BCE. The video considers other early contributors to algebra, including Diophantus in Alexandria and Brahmagupta in India, but credits al-Khwarizmi with the name algebra and with significant abstract thinking about the field. The video highlights the importance of the book to the history of algebra and to modern civilization as the origin of algebraic thinking.

## Check out the other answers I found

The origins of algebra precede his birth by 2,500 years — in

ancient Babylonia, Egypt and Athens. The earliest known origins are the Rhind mathematical papyrus, written by the scribe Ahmes (or Ahmose) in Egypt around 1650 BC.

Algebra was invented by Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, a Muslim or Persian mathematician who wrote a book in the 9th century named Kitab Al-Jabr or Kitab Al Muhtasar fi Hisab Al Gabr Wa I Muqabala. The word "algebra" comes from the Arabic word for "equation" or "completion and balancing". The word "algorithm" comes from the Latin translation of his name, Al-Khwarizmi. He is known as the "father of algebra" and the founder of analytical algebra. His book provides a systematic solution for linear and quadratic equations.

Who is the creator of algebra? Algebra was invented by the Muslim mathematician Al-Khwarizmi in the book he wrote in 820. Algebra is the Arabic word (aljabr) for “equation”, and the word “algorithm” comes from the author’s name, Al- Khwarizmi.

Algebra is invented by Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi. He was a Muslim mathematician, who wrote a book in 9th century named “Kitab Al-Jabr”. From his book the word “algebra” is taken.

Scholars often credit

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi(c. 780 – c. 850), the Arabic mathematician as the one who invented algebra. Due to his great contributions to algebra, many scholars call him “the father of algebra” even to this day. In fact, “algorithm” is named after the translation of his name in Latin.

Algebra was invented by

"Al- Khawarzami. He was the founder of analytical algebra. His famous book is "Hisabul-jubr-wal-muqbal".

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi is known as the "Father of algebra". He was a Persian mathematician who wrote a book named Kitab Al Muhtasar fi Hisab Al Gabr Wa I Muqabala in the Arabic language, which was later translated into English as " The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing", from which the word

Credit is usually given to either Diophantus (3rd century AD, Alexandria) or Muhammed al-Khwarizmi (c. 780-850, Baghdad – though born in the region of Khwarizm in what was northern Persia). Al-Khwarizmi gives us the word “algebra” from his book Al-kitab al-muhtasar fi hisab al-Jabr wa-l-muqabala. “Al-Jabr” translates as something like “completing” or “restoring” and refers to the method of removing a negative from one side and adding the positive to the other, for example [math]3x+2=4-2x[/math] converts to [math]5x+2=4[/math].

Of course many others were involved and the symbolic algebra we use today was developed by European mathematicians of the renaissance. Notably Descartes introduced the superscript notation for powers (eg [math]x^3[/math]).

Source: A History of Mathematics, 3rd Edition, Victor J. Katz (2009)

**Interesting facts on the topic**

**And did you know:**The history of algebra goes way back in time (more than 4000 years) but its importance is unparalleled by any other branch of mathematics. Why learn the history of algebra? It is important to know the history in order to know the present status of modern day mathematics. Of course, that’s just an extreme example.

## In addition, people ask

### Who first invented algebra?

The word algebra stems from the Arabic word al-jabr, which has its roots in the title of a 9th century manuscript written by the mathematician Al-Khwarizmi.

### Who invented algebra and where was it invented?

The origins of algebra can be traced to the ancient Babylonians, who developed a positional number system that greatly aided them in solving their rhetorical algebraic equations.

Similar

### Was algebra invented in the Middle East?

The reply will be: **Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, a Persian scholar in the House of Wisdom in Baghdad was the founder of algebra**, is along with the Greek mathematician Diophantus, known as the father of algebra.

### Did algebra start in Africa?

The response is: Africa is home to the world’s earliest known use of measuring and calculation, confirming the continent as the birthplace of both basic and advanced mathematics. Thousands of years ago, Africans were using numerals, algebra, and geometry in daily life.

### Where did algebra originate from?

Response will be: The origins of algebra date all the way back to the Babylonians. They developed a system that allowed them to produce calculations in an algebraic fashion. Through this system they were able to solve many problems with linear equations, quadratic equations, and intermediate equations.

### Where did the algebra came from?

Response to this: The roots of the word, algebra, can be found in Medieval Latin and the Arabic word, ‘Al Jabr’, which means ‘the reduction’. The word was first used as early as 1551. The beginnings of algebra have been traced back as far as ancient Egypt and Babylon.

### Where did algebra get discovered?

Response: Various derivations of the word "algebra," which is of Arabian origin, have been given by different writers. The first mention of the word is to be found in the title of a work by Mahommed ben Musa al-Khwarizmi (Hovarezmi), who flourished about the beginning of the 9th century.

### Where did algebra word came from?

The reply will be: The word “algebra” originates from the Arabic al-jabr, which means "the reunion of broken parts". The English word ‘algebra’ has its roots in Arabic, and some say the mathematical system’s unknown quantity, x, also came from Arabic; others credit Descartes The X in Xmas, a common abbreviation for Christmas, has a quite different origin: Greek

### Where did algebra originate from?

As an answer to this: The origins of algebra date all the way back to the Babylonians. They developed a system that allowed them to produce calculations in an algebraic fashion. Through this system they were able to solve many problems with linear equations, quadratic equations, and intermediate equations.

### Where did the algebra came from?

The roots of the word, **algebra**, can be found in Medieval Latin and the Arabic word, ‘Al Jabr’, which means ‘the reduction’. The word **was **first used as early as 1551. The beginnings of **algebra **have been traced back as far as ancient Egypt and Babylon.

### Where did algebra get discovered?

Various derivations of the word "algebra," which is of Arabian origin, have been given by different writers. The first mention of the word is to be found in the title of a work by Mahommed ben Musa al-Khwarizmi (Hovarezmi), who flourished about the beginning of the 9th century.

### Where did algebra word came from?

The word “algebra” originates from the Arabic al-jabr, which means "the reunion of broken parts". The English word ‘algebra’ has its roots in Arabic, and some say the mathematical system’s unknown quantity, x, also came from Arabic; others credit Descartes The X in Xmas, a common abbreviation for Christmas, has a quite different origin: Greek