The number of roots of an equation depends on the degree of the equation and the behavior of its coefficients, and can be determined using algebraic techniques such as the quadratic formula or polynomial long division.

**So let’s take a deeper look**

The number of roots of an equation is a fundamental concept in algebra, as it determines the solutions of the equation. The number of roots is determined by the degree of the equation and the behavior of its coefficients.

According to the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, any polynomial equation of degree “n” has “n” roots, counting multiplicity. This means that a polynomial equation of degree two has two roots, a polynomial of degree three has three roots, and so on.

However, not all equations have real roots. The discriminant of a quadratic equation, for example, can be used to determine the number and nature of its roots. If the discriminant is positive, the equation has two distinct real roots. If the discriminant is zero, the equation has one real root with multiplicity two. Finally, if the discriminant is negative, the equation has two complex roots.

In addition to the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, there are other methods to find the number of roots of an equation. For instance, the Rational Root Theorem can be used to find the rational roots of a polynomial equation. Also, graphing the equation can give insight into the number and nature of its roots.

Famous mathematician John Forbes Nash Jr. once said: “In mathematical science, more than in all others, it happens that truths which are at one period the most permanent, fruitful and remarkable are in another period condemned as absurd false, or trivial.”

Interesting facts:

- The equation x^n + y^n = z^n has no solutions for n > 2, a theorem famously known as Fermat’s Last Theorem.
- The number of roots of an equation can be greater than the degree of the equation if multiple roots or complex roots are counted.
- The theory of algebraic equations and their roots was developed extensively by the ancient Greeks, Hindus, and Arabs, and later by European mathematicians in the 16th and 17th centuries.
- The study of polynomial equations is not only important in mathematics, but also in physics, engineering, computer science, and other fields.

Table:

Equation | Degree | Number of Roots |
---|---|---|

3x^2 + 4x – 5 = 0 | 2 | 2 (real) |

x^3 – 2x^2 + x = 0 | 3 | 3 (with 1 multiple root at x=0) |

5x^4 + 2x^2 – 3 = 0 | 4 | 4 (with 2 complex roots) |

## Watch a video on the subject

In this video, Dr. Gajendra Purohit explains Descarte’s Rule of Sign, which is a method to determine the number of positive, negative, and imaginary roots of a polynomial function without solving the equation. By replacing x with -x, the number of sign changes in the function can be counted to determine the number of positive and negative roots. The degree of the function indicates the total number of roots, allowing for the determination of imaginary roots. This rule is a valuable tool for finding all the roots of a polynomial function.

## Check out the other solutions I discovered

The number of roots of a polynomial equation is

equal to its degree. So, a quadratic equation has two roots.

The number of roots of a polynomial equation is equal to its degree. For example, a quadratic equation has two roots. Some methods for finding the roots are: Factorization method, Quadratic Formula, and Completing the square method.

The

numberofrootsof any polynomial is depended on the degree of that polynomial. Suppose n is the degree of a polynomial p (x), then p (x) has nnumberofroots. For example, if n = 2, thenumberofrootswill be 2.

The number of roots of a polynomial equation is equal to its degree. So, a quadratic equation has

two roots. Some methods for finding the roots are: Factorization method Quadratic Formula Completing the square method

Fundamental Theorem of Algebra says that a polynomial will have exactly as many roots as its degree (the degree is the highest exponent of the polynomial).

So we know if the degree is 5 so there are 5 roots in total.

A different question is how many real roots a particular polynomial has.

The number of roots ofa polynomialequation isequal to its degree. So, a quadraticequationhas tworoots. Some methods for findingthe rootsare: Allthequadratic equations with realrootscan be factorized.Thephysical significanceof the roots isthat atthe roots ofanequation,thegraphof the equationintersects x-axis.