Islamic artists themselves created the mathematics behind Islamic art.

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Islamic art is characterized by intricate geometric patterns, intricate calligraphy, and the use of bright colors. These patterns and designs are not random but are governed by strict mathematical principles. Islamic artists themselves created the mathematics behind Islamic art. They used these principles to create art that is both aesthetically pleasing and highly symbolic.

According to Islamic tradition, geometry is considered a sacred activity that reflects the underlying unity of the universe. As a result, Islamic artists sought to create designs that reflected this unity. They used a variety of geometric shapes, including squares, triangles, and circles, to create intricate patterns that could be repeated indefinitely.

The principle behind Islamic art is that of tessellation, which is the repetition of a single shape without any gaps or overlaps. Islamic artists used tessellation to create intricate geometric patterns that are beautiful, complex, and highly symbolic. The use of geometry in Islamic art is not limited to just visual art, but also can be found in architecture, poetry, music, and even calligraphy.

The use of mathematics in Islamic art goes beyond just tessellation. Islamic artists also used principles such as the golden ratio, quadratic equations, and complex symmetries to create designs that are both aesthetically pleasing and intellectually stimulating. The golden ratio, for example, is a mathematical proportion that is found in nature and has been used in art and architecture for centuries. Islamic artists used this principle to create designs that are balanced, harmonious, and beautiful.

As Dr. Keith Critchlow, author of “Islamic Patterns: An Analytical and Cosmological Approach,” explains, “Islamic design reflects the harmony and continuity of the universe, and is intended to lead the viewer to an aesthetic and spiritual harmony with it.”

In conclusion, the mathematics behind Islamic art was created by Islamic artists themselves. They used a variety of geometric shapes, principles of tessellation, the golden ratio, and other mathematical concepts to create intricate patterns that are both beautiful and meaningful. The use of mathematics in Islamic art reflects the belief that geometry is a sacred activity that reflects the underlying unity of the universe.

| Interesting facts on the topic: |

| 1. Islamic art often features complex designs involving dense geometric patterns and intricate symmetry.

| 2. Islamic artists used mathematics to create these complex designs, which were intended to reflect the underlying unity and harmony of the universe.

| 3. Islamic art is not limited to just visual art, but extends to other areas such as architecture, poetry, music, and calligraphy.

| 4. The use of mathematics in Islamic art has inspired artists and designers around the world for centuries.

| 5. Islamic art has had a significant influence on the development of Western art, particularly during the Renaissance period. |

**See a video about the subject.**

Islamic geometric design is a sophisticated art form that originated during the 8th century CE and involves existing motifs from Roman and Persian cultures being developed into new forms of visual expression. In this video, the underlying characteristics and techniques of Islamic geometric design, as found in places such as mosques and palaces, are explained. The art form encompasses increasing levels of abstraction, complex geometry, and patterns that seem to repeat endlessly, and yet all that is required to create these designs are a compass and a ruler. Each design begins with a circle that is then divided into four, five, or six equal parts that give rise to distinctive patterns. Furthermore, the underlying grid must be an essential part of each pattern’s creation, making the pattern accurate and facilitating the invention of new designs. Lastly, the tessellation, or the repeating of patterns, is the hallmark of Islamic geometric design which serves to create a visually stunning piece of art.

## Some more answers to your question

Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmīis probably the most famous Muslim mathematician. He lived about 800-847 CE. Al- Khwārizmī was born in Qutrubull, an area near Baghdad between the Tigris and Euphrates rives, but was brought to work at the House of Wisdom by the Caliph al-Ma’mun.

Jane NormanIn 1976, Jane Norman—with help from Harry Bixler, Stef Stahl, and Margit Echols—wrote The Mathematics of Islamic Art, a groundbreaking Museum publication responding to the needs of math teachers eager to use the Museum’s resources in their classrooms.