# Top answer to: how has the Islamic mathematics changed or improved since the Middle Ages?

Contents

Islamic mathematics has continued to develop and evolve since the Middle Ages, with advancements in fields such as algebra, trigonometry, and calculus.

Islamic mathematics has made significant contributions to the field of mathematics since the Middle Ages. The Islamic Golden Age saw advancements in various fields of mathematics, including algebra, trigonometry, and calculus.

Algebra was revolutionized by the work of Persian mathematician Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, who is considered the “father of algebra.” His book, Al-Jabr wa-al-Muqabilah, introduced the concept of algebraic equations and provided a systematic approach to solving them.

Trigonometry was also refined by Islamic mathematicians, such as Abu al-Wafa’ al-Buzjani and Nasir al-Din al-Tusi. They made significant contributions to the study of trigonometric functions and published tables that listed the sine and tangent of angles.

The development of calculus was also influenced by Islamic mathematics. The Persian mathematician, Sharaf al-Din al-Tusi, introduced the concept of infinitesimal calculus in the 13th century, several hundred years before the work of Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz.

One interesting fact about Islamic mathematics is that it influenced the development of European mathematics during the Renaissance. Many Islamic mathematical texts were translated into Latin and contributed to advancements in European science and mathematics.

Another interesting fact is that Islamic mathematicians made significant contributions to the development of number theory. Persian mathematician Omar Khayyam, for example, developed a geometric method for solving cubic equations that became known as the “algebraic paradox.”

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As the famous mathematician Bertrand Russell once said, “Mathematics, rightly viewed, possesses not only truth but supreme beauty.” Islamic mathematics has certainly contributed to the beauty and truth of mathematics throughout history.

Table:

Field of Mathematics Islamic Mathematician Notable Accomplishment
Algebra Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi Introduced concept of algebraic equations
Trigonometry Abu al-Wafa’ al-Buzjani and Nasir al-Din al-Tusi Made significant contributions to study of trigonometric functions
Calculus Sharaf al-Din al-Tusi Introduced concept of infinitesimal calculus
Number Theory Omar Khayyam Developed geometric method for solving cubic equations

## Other responses to your question

Islamic mathematicians quickly adopted the Indian system of numerals, which we know today as Arabic numerals. Other contributions included creating algebra, the use of decimals, mathematical induction, and trigonometry, among others.

The Muslim community made significant contributions in the medieval times in various sectors spanning from philosophy, medicine, mathematics, architecture, agriculture, music, language, to education. The Islamic civilization was majorly felt in Europe between 11th century and 13th century. Islamic civilization has greatly contributed to the development of Western civilization as well as thew achievements of renaissance. Below are a few of the notable categories in which the muslim world exerted their sphere of influence. Mathematics Muslim scholars developed several mathematical concepts and applications which have greatly influenced various sectoral areas between the 7th and 13th century. Among the discoveries are the decimal system, and fundamental operations connected with addition, subtraction, division and multiplication. Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, born in the 780CE, is famously regarded as the father of Algebra. He was summoned to Baghdad by Al-Mamun and appointed court astr…

## A visual response to the word “How has the Islamic mathematics changed or improved since the Middle Ages?”

The Islamic Golden Age of science was a period of diversity where scholars from various backgrounds worked together to exchange and translate ideas. Among the famous scientists was Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, who invented algebra and the Banu Masu brothers, who built automatic devices that revolutionized modern life. Additionally, the Persian philosopher, physician, and physicist Ibn-Sīnā made wide-ranging influences from Indian and Chinese medicine, cementing important principles still present today such as the need for drug testing. The importance of connections between people of different backgrounds is highlighted, with diversity being linked to better quality research due to increased creativity and fewer assumptions. The ideas that emerged during the Islamic Golden Age of Science changed the foundation for research being done today, and the advancements are a reminder for the potential of when different minds come together.

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Surely you will be interested in these topics

### How did Islam change math?

Response will be: Muslim mathematicians invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it – addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, raising to a power, and extracting the square root and the cubic root.

### What scientific and mathematical advancements were made by Muslims during the Middle Ages?

Islamic mathematicians such as Al-Khwarizmi, Avicenna and Jamshīd al-Kāshī made advances in algebra, trigonometry, geometry and Arabic numerals. Islamic doctors described diseases like smallpox and measles, and challenged classical Greek medical theory.

### Where were the Islamic advances in mathematics?

The response is: The Islamic Empire established across Persia, the Middle East, Central Asia, North Africa, Iberia and parts of India from the 8th Century onwards made significant contributions towards mathematics. They were able to draw on and fuse together the mathematical developments of both Greece and India.

### What are the contributions of the medieval Islamicate in mathematics?

In reply to that: Arabic scholars translated the works of the great Indian mathematicians and, in doing so, adopted their notation system: ten symbols 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 0. [18] These formed the foundation of the new wave of mathematic exploration and they would go on to replace the abacus.

### How did Islamic mathematicians change the world?

Response: The most succinct way to describe the impact of Islamic mathematicians is to note that they completely changed the "flavor" of mathematics during their dominance in the field. One example of this is the change from the largely geometric formulations of the Greeks to the largely symbolic formulations that we use today.

### What mathematics was used in the Golden Age of Islam?

The reply will be: A page from The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing by Al-Khwarizmi Mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, was built on Greek mathematics ( Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics ( Aryabhata, Brahmagupta ).

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### What was mathematics like in ancient Greece?

Response: Greek and Islamic mathematics were basically “aacademic” enterprises, having little interaction with day-to-day matters involving building, transportation, and commerce. This situation first began to change in Italy in the 13th and 14th centuries.

### How did the Islamic empire contribute to science?

The safety, expanse, and knowledge gathering of the Islamic Empire made many advances in science and the arts possible. Just in the field of mathematics there were a number of notable achievements. A huge contribution was the adoption of a number system from India, which included the numbers 1-9 and the concept of 0 as a number.

### How did Islamic mathematicians change the world?

Answer to this: The most succinct way to describe the impact of Islamic mathematicians is to note that they completely changed the "flavor" of mathematics during their dominance in the field. One example of this is the change from the largely geometric formulations of the Greeks to the largely symbolic formulations that we use today.

### Is philosophy of mathematics an independent discipline in the medieval Islamic world?

Response will be: Putting these scattered engagements together, it becomes clear that although philosophy of mathematics has never been treated as an independent discipline in the medieval Islamic world, Muslim thinkers came up with very interesting and profound ideas, insights, and arguments about at least some philosophical issues related to mathematics.

### What mathematics was used in the Golden Age of Islam?

A page from The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing by Al-Khwarizmi Mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, was built on Greek mathematics ( Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics ( Aryabhata, Brahmagupta ).

### How did mathematics develop in the Middle Ages?

Many Greek and Arabic texts on mathematics were translated into Latin from the 12th century onward, leading to further development of mathematics in Medieval Europe. From ancient times through the Middle Ages, periods of mathematical discovery were often followed by centuries of stagnation.

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