The Greeks understood the importance of logical reasoning and proof to establish mathematical rigour.

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The Greeks are known for their significant contributions to the field of mathematics. One of their most important contributions was establishing the concept of mathematical rigour. The Greeks understood the importance of logical reasoning and proof to establish mathematical rigour. As a result, they developed rigorous methods, which laid the foundation for modern mathematics.

According to G. H. Hardy, a renowned mathematician and author of “A Mathematician’s Apology,” the Greeks were the first to understand the importance of rigorous proofs in mathematics. He writes, “The Greeks permanently raised the standards of proof and, therefore, of civilization.” Indeed, the Greeks’ approach to mathematics influenced many great mathematicians, including Isaac Newton, Carl Friedrich Gauss, and Bernhard Riemann.

There are many interesting facts about the Greeks’ understanding of mathematical rigour. Here are a few:

- The Greeks believed that mathematics was the key to understanding the universe, and they approached the subject with reverence and awe.
- Euclid’s “Elements,” a collection of mathematical propositions and proofs, is considered one of the most important mathematical works in history. It was widely used as a textbook for centuries.
- The Greeks established the concept of axioms, or self-evident truths, which form the basis of mathematical proofs.
- They also developed the concept of deductive reasoning, which is the process of using logical steps to arrive at a conclusion.
- The Greeks believed that mathematical proofs should be rigorous, meaning that they should be based on logical, precise reasoning rather than intuition or guesswork.

Here is a table summarizing some of the Greeks’ most significant contributions to the concept of mathematical rigour:

Contribution | Description |
---|---|

Axioms | Self-evident truths used as the basis of mathematical proofs |

Deductive Reasoning | Logical process of using steps to arrive at a conclusion |

Euclid’s “Elements” | Collection of mathematical propositions and proofs |

Rigorous Proofs | Based on logical, precise reasoning |

Influence on Modern Mathematics | Many famous mathematicians, including Isaac Newton, were influenced by the Greeks’ approach to mathematics |

In conclusion, the Greeks were pioneers in establishing the concept of mathematical rigour. They recognized the importance of logical reasoning and proof, and developed rigorous methods that continue to influence modern mathematics.

## Video answer

This video explains how ancient Greeks proved the incommensurability of pi and the square root of 2. They used triangles to show that the square root of 2 could not be a rational number and circles to prove the same for pi. The Greeks accomplished this rigorous proof before Lambert and Euler, and the proof is available in the provided link.

## See more possible solutions

Babylonia and its successors and Egypt were both “civilized” before Greece, and used math. It is likely that farmers used some type of math before they did even if we don’t have writing showing it. Animals have number sense.

As far a particular Greek concepts we have no easy way of knowing what was borrowed, what was co-discovered, and what was invented, since humans are both creative and prone to meme contagion. We do know that Pythagoreans were particularly motivated by a mystical belief to investigate math further, and also that musical instrument strings helped them do so. It appears that the systemization impulse of the Greeks was their genius.

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Moreover, **What did the ancient Greeks know about math?**

Response to this: Ancient Greek philosophers endeared to an understanding of nature and its natural order. They were drawn to similarities and differences of natural objects and natural patterns. From this *they embraced mathematics for its ability to describe the natural, especially as geometric patterns*.

Also to know is, **What did the Greeks contribute to the development of math?**

Greek mathematicians also contributed to *number theory, mathematical astronomy, combinatorics, mathematical physics, and, at times, approached ideas close to the integral calculus*.

In this manner, **What is mathematical Rigour?** Rigor is *a direct result of active participation in deep mathematical thinking and intensive reasoning*. The degree of mathematical rigor is determined by the knowledge and understanding attained by every student.

Also, **What is the history of mathematical rigor?***Rigor was a characteristic of mathematics going back to Greek times*. For much of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment mathematics in general and calculus in particular were more about problem solving than about proving with logical exactness the correctness of theorems.

**Were there any proofs in Ancient Greek mathematics?**

Answer will be: Mathematical proof: a research programme9 garded the evidence already available’. One could add that the assumption that outside the few Greek geometrical texts listed above, there were no proofs at all in ancient mathematical sources has become predominant today.

**What did Ancient Greek mathematicians do?**

The answer is: The mathematicians of ancient Greece made a hugely significant *contribution to world thought and all practical subjects* which depend on that intellectual basis, from geometry to engineering, astronomy to design.

Furthermore, **Why did ancient Romans study mathematics?**

Ancient Romans such as Cicero (106–43 BC), an influential Roman statesman who studied mathematics in Greece, believed that Roman surveyors and calculators were far more interested in applied mathematics than the theoretical mathematics and geometry that were prized by the Greeks.

Also, **When did mathematics start in Greece?**

As a response to this: Vatican Palace, Rome, 1509. Greek mathematics allegedly began with Thales of Miletus (c. *624–548 BC)*. Very little is known about his life, although it is generally agreed that he was one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece.

## Interesting facts about the subject

**Interesting fact:**The names of ancient Greek mathematical works run to pages. A few may be mentioned. Elements written by Euclid at around 300 BC was the most comprehensive work from history on geometry. Pappus had written the Mathematical Collection which was an account of classical mathematics from Euclid to Ptolemy. Treasury of Analysis was his work.

**Did you know that,**The basic of mathematics was inherited by the Greeks and independent by the Greeks beg the major Greek progress in mathematics was from 300 BC to 200 AD. After this time progress continued in Islamic countries Unlike the Babylonians, the Egyptians did not develop fully their understanding of mathematics.