The founder of algebra is Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi.

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The founder of algebra is Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, an Iranian mathematician who lived during the Islamic Golden Age in the 9th century. Al-Khwarizmi’s book “Kitab al-Jabr wal-Muqabala” (“The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing”) introduced the concept of algebra and its methods to the Western world. His name even gave rise to the term “algorithm”.

According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, al-Khwarizmi’s name “al-Khwarizmi” means “native of Khwarizm,” which is an area that is now a part of modern-day Uzbekistan. Being a part of the Islamic Empire, al-Khwarizmi studied and worked in Baghdad, which was then the cultural and intellectual center of the empire. He worked there as a mathematician and astronomer under the patronage of the caliph, al-Maʾmūn.

Interestingly, al-Khwarizmi’s mathematical work was greatly influenced by Indian, Greek, and Babylonian mathematics. He notably adapted Indian mathematical concepts to the Arabic language. Al-Khwarizmi’s algebraic methods were revolutionary in the sense that he used letters to represent unknowns and operations on these letters to solve equations, opening the door to abstract mathematical thinking.

One interesting fact about al-Khwarizmi is that he not only made contributions to mathematics but also to geography. He wrote a book called “Zij al-Sindhind,” which is a treatise on the Hindu calendar and astronomy used in India. This book contained tables that allowed for the calculation of the positions of the sun, moon, and planets, and was used for centuries as a standard reference book in Islamic astronomy.

In summary, it is clear that al-Khwarizmi’s contributions laid the foundation for modern-day algebra and his innovative methods are still used in math today. As stated by famous physicist Richard Feynman, “Algebra is just writing down rules for arithmetic with symbols where the rules are generalized as much as possible. So al-Khwarizmi was the man who introduced this essential concept that allows everything in mathematics built on it thereafter.”

Here is a table summarizing some key information about al-Khwarizmi:

| Full Name | Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi |

| Birth/Death | c. 780–c. 850 CE |

| Nationality | Persian |

| Known For | Founding algebra, introducing “algorithm,” contributions to astronomy and geography |

| Notable Works | “The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing” and “Zij al-Sindhind” |

**Associated video**

The word “algorithm” stems from the name of a Persian mathematician and scholar, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi. Al-Khwarizmi was a director in the House of Wisdom and made significant contributions to mathematics, astronomy, geography, and cartography. He introduced Hindu-Arabic numerals to the West and contributed to maths by showing how complex problems could be broken down into simpler parts and solved. This paved the way for the computer age, as the principles of algorithms became the foundation for modern computing.

## Other responses to your question

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmiwas a 9th-century Muslim mathematician and astronomer. He is known as the “father of algebra”, a word derived from the title of his book, Kitab al-Jabr.

Algebra has ancient origins in different civilizations, but it was developed and systematized by

Al-Khwarizmi, a Muslim mathematician in the 9th century. He wrote a book on solving linear and quadratic equations, from which the word "algebra" is derived. He is often called the "father of algebra" and the "founder of analytical algebra". His name also inspired the term "algorithm".

Algebra is invented by

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi. He was a Muslim mathematician, who wrote a book in 9th century named “Kitab Al-Jabr”. From his book the word “algebra” is taken.

Scholars often credit

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi(c. 780 – c. 850), the Arabic mathematician as the one who invented algebra. Due to his great contributions to algebra, many scholars call him “the father of algebra” even to this day. In fact, “algorithm” is named after the translation of his name in Latin.

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmiis known as the "Father of algebra". He was a Persian mathematician who wrote a book named Kitab Al Muhtasar fi Hisab Al Gabr Wa I Muqabala in the Arabic language, which was later translated into English as " The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing", from which the word

Algebra was invented by "Al- Khawarzami. He was the founder of analytical algebra. His famous book is "Hisabul-jubr-wal-muqbal".

The earliest recorded evidence of algebra comes from the ancient Babylonians, who had their own algebraic system as early as 1900 BC. But other ancient civilizations such as the Egyptians, Greeks, and Chinese also had methods for solving equations that bear similarities to modern algebra. It wasn’t until the medieval Islamic

The father of algebra is commonly attributed to the Persian mathematician Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, who lived during the 9th century. Al-Khwarizmi was a prominent scholar in the Islamic Golden Age and made significant contributions to mathematics, including the development of algebraic methods and systems.

Al-Khwarizmi’s book, “Kitab al-Jabr wa al-Muqabala” (The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing), introduced systematic methods for solving equations, linear and quadratic equations, and techniques of algebraic manipulation. His work laid the foundation for algebra as a distinct branch of mathematics and influenced subsequent mathematicians in both the Islamic world and Europe.

The term “algebra” itself is derived from the Arabic word “al-jabr” mentioned in al-Khwarizmi’s book, which refers to the process of “reuniting broken parts” or “restoration.” His contributions to algebra were crucial in developing symbolic representation and algebraic notation, sh…

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi is known as the "Father of algebra". He was a Persian mathematician who wrote a book named Kitab Al Muhtasar fi Hisab Al Gabr Wa I Muqabala in the Arabic language, which was later translated into English as " The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing", from which the word ALGEBRA was derived.

## Interesting information about the subject

**Wondering what,**The history of algebra goes way back in time (more than 4000 years) but its importance is unparalleled by any other branch of mathematics. Why learn the history of algebra? It is important to know the history in order to know the present status of modern day mathematics. Of course, that’s just an extreme example.

## More intriguing questions on the topic

Because of his vital role in the evolution of mathematics, Archimedes is regarded as the father of mathematics. Even today, his contributions are being used very actively.

*Algebra*(originally called al-jabr, meaning "restoration") was invented in

*the*Middle East by Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi (born in Baghdad about AD 825) during

*the*Middle Ages. coefficient – In an expression or equation, a coefficient

*is*a number in front

*of*a variable.