# What is the history of islamic mathematics?

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Islamic mathematics has its roots in ancient Greek mathematics, but developed independently during the Islamic Golden Age, particularly in the Abbasid Caliphate, from the 8th to the 15th century. It made important contributions to algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and arithmetic.

## Comprehensive answer to the question

Islamic mathematics has a rich and fascinating history that spans centuries and continents. Despite having its roots in ancient Greek mathematics, Islamic mathematicians made significant advancements in the field and developed methods and theories that have had lasting influences.

During the Islamic Golden Age, particularly in the Abbasid Caliphate from the 8th to the 15th century, Islamic mathematics flourished. Mathematicians worked on topics ranging from algebra, geometry, and trigonometry to arithmetic and calculus. One of the most significant contributions was the development of the decimal system, which used the digits 0-9 and a decimal point to represent numbers.

Al-Khwarizmi, a Persian mathematician, is one of the most notable mathematicians from this time. He wrote important works on algebra, including the book “Al-Jabr wa-al-Muqabilah,” which introduced the concept of algebraic equations and gave the subject its name. Another important mathematician was Al-Biruni, who made contributions to astronomy, geography, and trigonometry.

One of the most interesting aspects of Islamic mathematics was its approach to computation. Islamic mathematicians were known for their use of geometric methods and visual representations, which helped them to solve complex problems. They also developed methods using arithmetic and algebraic formulas and created tables of logarithms and trigonometric functions.

In the words of historian George Sarton, “Islamic mathematics represents the climax of the mathematician’s efforts and achievements…” (Introduction to the History of Science, Vol. 2). Islamic mathematicians made significant contributions to the field and developed methods and theories that have stood the test of time.

Here is a table summarizing some of the most notable Islamic mathematicians and their contributions:

Mathematician Contributions
Al-Khwarizmi Introduction of algebraic equations, development of algorithms for solving equations
Al-Biruni Contributions to astronomy, geography, and trigonometry
Ibn al-Haytham Development of the scientific method, work in optics
Omar Khayyam Development of algebraic methods to solve cubic equations

Islamic mathematics continues to be studied and appreciated today for its significant contributions to the development of mathematics.

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## See more answers from the Internet

Islamic contributions to mathematics began around ad 825, when the Baghdad mathematician Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī wrote his famous treatise al-Kitāb al-mukhtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-jabr wa’l-muqābala (translated into Latin in the 12th century as Algebra et Almucabal, from which the modern term algebra is derived).

Islamic contributions to mathematics began around AD 825, when the Baghdad mathematician Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī wrote his famous treatise al-Kitāb al-mukhtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-jabr wa’l-muqābala (translated into Latin in the 12th century as Algebra et Almucabal, from which the modern term algebra is derived). The Qu’ran encouraged the accumulation of knowledge, and a Golden Age of Islamic science and mathematics flourished throughout the medieval period from the 9th to 15th Centuries. Early steps toward symbolic algebra can be seen in the work of several Islamic mathematicians such as Ibn al-Banna (13th-14th centuries) and al-Qalasadi (15th century).

Islamic contributions to mathematics began around ad 825, when the Baghdad mathematician Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī wrote his famous treatise al-Kitāb al-mukhtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-jabr wa’l-muqābala (translated into Latin in the 12th century as Algebra et Almucabal, from which the modern term algebra is derived).

In fact, over time, Muslim artists discovered all the different forms of symmetry that can be depicted on a 2-dimensional surface. The Qu’ran itself encouraged the accumulation of knowledge, and a Golden Age of Islamic science and mathematics flourished throughout the medieval period from the 9th to 15th Centuries.

Early steps toward this can be seen in the work of several Islamic mathematicians such as Ibn al-Banna (13th-14th centuries) and al-Qalasadi (15th century), although fully symbolic algebra was developed by François Viète (16th century).

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There’s a long history of algebra which you could easily look up on Wikipedia, as you would do if you were genuinely interested in the truth about this question. History of algebra – Wikipedia [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_algebra ]

Bits and pieces of what we now call “algebra” were around for thousands of years before Islam. A Muslim scholar codified much of this and gave it the name which we transliterate as “algebra,” so he should rightly be given much credit in the long history of this discipline. “The word “algebra” is derived from the Arabic [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_language ] word الجبر al-jabr, and this comes from the treatise written in the year 830 by the medieval Persian mathematician, Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_ibn_Musa_al-Khwarizmi ], whose Arabic title, Kitāb al-muḫtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-ğabr wa-l-muqābala [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Compendious_Book_on_Calculation_by_Completion_and_Balancing…

## Watch a video on the subject

The video discusses the development of Islamic mathematics under the rule of Harun al-Rashid, who collected and translated works from various cultures, and his successor Abu Jafar al-Ma’mun, who established the House of Wisdom, a center for scholarly work. Al-Khwarizmi is credited with writing the first book of algebra and spreading the decimal system and the use of zero as a placeholder. Other important mathematicians of the Islamic Golden Age mentioned include Eben Quora and Abu al-Hassan al-Khla DC who worked on amicable numbers and decimal fractions respectively, and Al-Haytham who developed a formula for finding the volume of a particular solid of revolution obtained by rotating a parabola. The famous poet Omar Khayyam was also a skilled mathematician, interested in finding the exact value of the roots of a cubic polynomial, which would later become Europe’s first mathematical accomplishment.

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## People are also interested

Who developed Islamic mathematics?
Perhaps the most famous mathematician was Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (ca. 800-ca. 847), author of several treatises of earth-shattering importance.
What did Islamic mathematics develop?
Muslim mathematicians invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it – addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, raising to a power, and extracting the square root and the cubic root.
What influenced Islamic mathematics?
In reply to that: Mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, was built on Greek mathematics (Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics (Aryabhata, Brahmagupta).
What was the importance of the Islamic world to mathematics?
Islamic scientists in the 10th century were involved in three major mathematical projects: the completion of arithmetic algorithms, the development of algebra, and the extension of geometry.
How did Islam contribute to the development of mathematics?
Answer will be: From the 9th-15th century, Islamic science and mathematics flourished. Throughout history, Muslims from different parts of the world have contributed to the development of mathematics. beneficial to society. The two main sources the Muslims translated were the works of the Hindus and the Greeks.
What was the last major figure in medieval Islamic mathematics?
By the time al-Kāshī, the last major figure in medieval Islamic mathematics, died in 1429, the Muslims had brought mathematics a long way from the Greek and Hindu elements with which they had begun. Calculation, in medieval mathematics, included both arithmetic and algebra.
What mathematics was used in the Golden Age of Islam?
Answer to this: A page from The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing by Al-Khwarizmi Mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, was built on Greek mathematics ( Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics ( Aryabhata, Brahmagupta ).
Is philosophy of mathematics an independent discipline in the medieval Islamic world?
Putting these scattered engagements together, it becomes clear that although philosophy of mathematics has never been treated as an independent discipline in the medieval Islamic world, Muslim thinkers came up with very interesting and profound ideas, insights, and arguments about at least some philosophical issues related to mathematics.
Why write a survey on the history of mathematics in Islam?
The answer is: Thus, our aim in writing this survey is to provide to scholars of Islamic culture an account of the major themes and discoveries of the last decade of research on the history of mathematics in the Islamic world.
How did the Islamic empire contribute to mathematics?
Answer will be: The Islamic Empire established across Persia, the Middle East, Central Asia, North Africa, Iberia and parts of India from the 8th Century onwards made significant contributions towards mathematics. They were able to draw on and fuse together the mathematical developments of both Greece and India.
What was the last major figure in medieval Islamic mathematics?
Response to this: By the time al-Kāshī, the last major figure in medieval Islamic mathematics, died in 1429, the Muslims had brought mathematics a long way from the Greek and Hindu elements with which they had begun. Calculation, in medieval mathematics, included both arithmetic and algebra.
What arithmetic system did Islam use?
Response: The third system was Indian arithmetic, whose basic numeral forms, complete with the zero, eastern Islam took over from the Hindus. (Different forms of the numerals, whose origins are not entirely clear, were used in western Islam.)

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