Islamic mathematics made significant contributions to fields such as algebra, trigonometry, and numerical algorithms. Some of the most prominent Islamic mathematicians include al-Khwarizmi, al-Tabari, and Omar Khayyam.
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Islamic mathematics made significant contributions to various fields in mathematics, including algebra, trigonometry, geometry, and numerical algorithms. Islamic scholars developed the concept of zero and the decimal system, which became fundamental to modern mathematics.
One of the most prominent Islamic mathematicians was al-Khwarizmi, who is considered the father of algebra. He wrote a book called “Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala” (The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing), which contains rules for solving equations and lays the foundations of algebraic notation. Another remarkable figure is al-Tabari, who developed a trigonometric table that improved on the existing Greek trigonometry. Omar Khayyam, best known for his poetry, also made contributions to mathematics, particularly in the study of cubic equations.
Islamic scholars made important advances in numerical algorithms that paved the way for modern cryptography and computing. They developed methods for polynomial approximation and interpolation, which are essential in computing and engineering. Islamic mathematicians also studied the properties of triangles and polygons, paving the way for the development of modern geometry.
A quote by Carl Sagan summarizes the importance of Islamic mathematics: “The algebra of al-Khwarizmi is remarkable for its precision, its use of numbers, and the systematic way in which it dealt with unknown quantities. It is the basis of all algebraic notation, and its importance in the development of science and technology cannot be overstressed.”
Here are some interesting facts about Islamic mathematics:
- Islamic mathematicians often worked in madrasas and courts, where they were supported by wealthy patrons.
- Islamic mathematics was heavily influenced by Greek mathematics, but scholars also drew on Indian and Persian traditions.
- Arabic numerals and the decimal system were introduced to Europe by Leonardo of Pisa (also known as Fibonacci), who learned about them from Arab traders.
- The word “algorithm” is derived from the name of al-Khwarizmi, who developed a method for solving linear equations that involved a step-by-step procedure.
- Islamic mathematicians made important contributions to astronomy, using mathematics to develop calendars and make accurate observations of the celestial bodies.
|al-Khwarizmi||Father of algebra, developed algebraic notation, author of “Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala”|
|al-Tabari||Improved on Greek trigonometry, developed trigonometric tables|
|Omar Khayyam||Made contributions to the study of cubic equations|
|Ibn al-Haytham||Known for his work on optics and the development of the scientific method|
|al-Farabi||Developed a new numbering system and made contributions to logic and music theory|
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The most important contribution may be the invention of algebra, which originated in Baghdad in the House of Wisdom (bayt al-hikma). The House of Wisdom was primarily a library and a place for translation and research.
Muslims made significant contributions to mathematics during the 7th to the 13th century, which is considered the golden age of Muslim learning. They invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it, including the concept of ‘zero’. They also invented algebra, made significant advances in the field of trigonometry, and fused the best of Greek mathematics with important Hindu and Persian concepts to create a mathematical structure that was far grander than what they had inherited. However, it is important to note that Muslims did not invent mathematics, which is an ancient discipline that has been around for thousands of years.
The 7th to the 13th century was the golden age of Muslim learning. In mathematics they contributed and invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, exponentiation, and extracting the root. They also introduced the ‘zero’ concept to the world.
Specifically, they invented the algebra that most learn in school today, made significant advances in the field of trigonometry, and helped form a synthesis of mathematical ideas, fusing the best of Greek mathematics with important Hindu and Persian concepts to create a mathematical structure that was far grander than what they had inherited.
No, Muslims did not invent mathematics. Maths is an ancient discipline that has been around for thousands of years, long before Islam and the Islamic world came about.
There’s a long history of algebra which you could easily look up on Wikipedia, as you would do if you were genuinely interested in the truth about this question. History of algebra – Wikipedia [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_algebra ]
Bits and pieces of what we now call “algebra” were around for thousands of years before Islam. A Muslim scholar codified much of this and gave it the name which we transliterate as “algebra,” so he should rightly be given much credit in the long history of this discipline. “The word “algebra” is derived from the Arabic [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_language ] word الجبر al-jabr, and this comes from the treatise written in the year 830 by the medieval Persian mathematician, Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_ibn_Musa_al-Khwarizmi ], whose Arabic title, Kitāb al-muḫtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-ğabr wa-l-muqābala [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Compendious_Book_on_Calculation_by_Completion_and_Balancing…
Answer in video
The video discusses the life and contributions of Muhammad IBN Musa al-Qarzami, a Persian mathematician who oversaw the translation of major Greek and Indian math and astronomy works into Arabic, and created an original work that greatly influenced Muslim and European mathematics. Al-Qarzami’s most important contribution was algebra, which introduced the fundamental algebraic method of reduction, completion, and balancing. The speaker emphasizes the importance of being grateful to Allah and encourages viewers to make remembering Allah a habit. The video ends with a request to like and share it with friends and family.
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The Muslims developed the symbol for zero and they systematized the numbers into the decimal system – base 10.