Who are some famous mathematicians of islam?

Some famous mathematicians of Islam include Al-Khwarizmi, Ibn al-Haytham, and Omar Khayyam.

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Throughout history, Islam has produced several renowned mathematicians who have contributed significantly to the field of mathematics. Here are some famous mathematicians of Islam:

Mathematician Contributions
Al-Khwarizmi Known as the “Father of Algebra,” he wrote the book “Al-jabr wa’l-muqabala”
Ibn al-Haytham Best known for his work on optics and the scientific method
Omar Khayyam Known for his work on algebraic equations and his calendar reform proposal
Al-Karaji Known for his work on binomial coefficients and algebraic equations
Al-Tusi Known for his work on trigonometry, geometry, and astronomy
Abu al-Wafa Known for his work on arithmetic and geometric progressions
Al-Farabi Worked on logic, metaphysics, politics, and music theory
Al-Biruni Known for his work on mathematics, geography, and astronomy

A quote from Al-Khwarizmi reflects the significance of mathematics and its role in advancing science and knowledge:

“Mathematics is the queen of sciences and arithmetic the queen of mathematics.”

Interestingly, some of these mathematicians were not just mathematicians but had expertise in other fields as well. For example, Al-Farabi was not only a mathematician but also a philosopher, while Al-Biruni was not just a mathematician but also a geographer and astronomer.

In addition to their contributions to mathematics, these scholars also made significant advances in other fields, such as optics, astronomy, and philosophy. Their contributions have had a lasting impact on the study of science and continue to inspire future generations of scholars.

In conclusion, the famous mathematicians of Islam have left a significant mark on the field of mathematics and beyond, paving the way for future scholars to continue their work in advancing knowledge and science.

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See the answer to “Who are some famous mathematicians of Islam?” in this video

The word “algorithm” stems from the name of a Persian mathematician and scholar, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi. Al-Khwarizmi was a director in the House of Wisdom and made significant contributions to mathematics, astronomy, geography, and cartography. He introduced Hindu-Arabic numerals to the West and contributed to maths by showing how complex problems could be broken down into simpler parts and solved. This paved the way for the computer age, as the principles of algorithms became the foundation for modern computing.

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Perhaps the most famous mathematician was Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (ca. 800-ca. 847), author of several treatises of earth-shattering importance.

Standing on the shoulders of their pre-Islamic Greek, Indian, and Persian ancestors, Muslim mathematicians have made numerous innovations in various branches of mathematics and have written a great number of books and essays introducing mathematical notions and proving mathematical theorems (Al-Daffaʾ 1977; R. Rashed 1984b ; 1996 ; 2015; Berggren 2016).


  • Binomial Theorem Among other things, Al-Karaji used mathematical induction to prove the binomial theorem.
  • Spherical Trigonometry Al-Tusi was a pioneer in the field of spherical trigonometry

Fascinating Facts

Wondering what, Al-Khwarizmi is one of the most famous astronomers, geologist, and mathematician at the time of the Golden Era of Muslims. He is also the inventor of many mathematical methods and a branch of math, called Algebra. Furthermore, he was the first to use decimals to express the fractions.
It is interesting: Al-Khwārizmī’s teachings are considered the foundations and cornerstone of the sciences and influenced millions of learned men throughout the world. During the late Medieval period, his work on arithmetic and astronomy contributed to the system of education made up of the Seven Liberal Arts.
It is interesting: Ever since he made his name present in every math book, al-Khwārizmī became one of the most popular figures in Arabic history. He was mentioned by almost every single media outlet that existed. So what’s new? The importance of his work does not lie in what he did twelve centuries ago, but to the methods he applied to produce such results.

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Similarly, Who is the father of math in Islam? The answer is: Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi was a 9th-century Muslim mathematician and astronomer. He is known as the “father of algebra”, a word derived from the title of his book, Kitab al-Jabr. His pioneering work offered practical answers for land distribution, rules on inheritance and distributing salaries.

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In this regard, What did Muslims invent in math?
Response to this: Muslim mathematicians invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it – addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, raising to a power, and extracting the square root and the cubic root.

Thereof, Who was involved in developing mathematics in Islam?
Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi was born around 780 AD in Baghdad and died around 850 AD. He was a Muslim mathematician and astronomer, who was known for his major contribution on Hindu-Arabic numerals and concepts in algebra, which we will discuss in more detail.

One may also ask, Which prophet was mathematician?
The answer is: Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī
Era Islamic Golden Age (Abbasid era)
Main interests Mathematics, astronomy, geography
Notable works The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing Book of the Description of the Earth, Astronomical tables of Siddhanta

Also Know, Who are some famous mathematicians from the Islamic world? The answer is: Islamic scholars who have made outstanding contributions to mathematics have inspired thinkers such as Isaac Newton, Evangelista Torricelli, Galileo Galilei. The Fikriyat website lists 10 mathematicians from the Islamic world who have developed this science. Ali Kushchu became famous mainly as an outstanding astronomer.

Who is the father of algebra ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi? Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, a Persian scholar in the House of Wisdom in Baghdad was the founder of algebra, is along with the Greek mathematician Diophantus, known as the father of algebra.

What mathematics was used in the Golden Age of Islam?
Response: A page from The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing by Al-Khwarizmi Mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, was built on Greek mathematics ( Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics ( Aryabhata, Brahmagupta ).

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In respect to this, How did Islamic mathematics help solve a problem?
In reply to that: In particular, Islamic mathematics allowed, and indeed encouraged, the unrestricted combination of commensurable and incommensurable magnitudes within the same framework, as well as the simultaneous manipulation of magnitudes of different dimensions as part of the solution of a problem.

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