Islamic scholars made significant contributions to the growth of scientific and mathematical knowledge by translating, preserving and advancing the works of ancient scholars, such as Aristotle and Euclid, and making new discoveries in fields such as medicine, astronomy, algebra, and trigonometry, during the Islamic Golden Age.

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Islamic scholars played a crucial role in the development and dissemination of scientific and mathematical knowledge during the Islamic Golden Age (8th-13th centuries CE). They built on the works of ancient scholars and made significant contributions of their own, cementing the foundations of modern science and mathematics.

One way Islamic scholars contributed to the growth of knowledge was through the translation of ancient texts from Greek, Roman, and Persian sources. They translated works on medicine, mathematics, astronomy, and philosophy from languages like Greek and Syriac into Arabic, preserving them for future generations. This allowed these texts to be disseminated beyond their original locations, and to inspire scholars in the Islamic world to make advancements in their respective fields.

Islamic scholars also made significant contributions of their own, particularly in the fields of medicine, astronomy, algebra, and trigonometry. In medicine, scholars like al-Razi and Ibn Sina (known as Avicenna in the West) made important discoveries and documented their findings in works like the Canon of Medicine, which became a standard medical textbook in Europe until the Renaissance. In astronomy, scholars like al-Battani contributed to the understanding of planetary movement and lunar eclipses.

In mathematics, perhaps the most significant contribution was the development of algebra, which emerged in the Islamic world during the 9th century CE. Scholars such as al-Khwarizmi and al-Tabari developed algebraic methods and contributed to the development of algorithms, which were used for calculations and solving equations. The word “algorithm” comes from the Latinized form of al-Khwarizmi’s name, algoritmi.

In trigonometry, Islamic scholars like al-Jayyani made significant contributions and developed tables of sines and tangents, which were used for astronomical calculations and navigation.

Overall, the contributions of Islamic scholars during the Islamic Golden Age had a profound impact on the development of scientific and mathematical knowledge, and paved the way for future advancements. As the famous physicist Carl Sagan once said:

“The medieval Islamic world, from central Asia to the shores of the Atlantic, was a world where scholars and scientists, men and women, seeking knowledge and enlightenment, could travel freely and communicate easily… It was a time of great cultural and intellectual achievements.”

Here are some interesting facts about Islamic scholars and their contributions:

- Al-Khwarizmi’s book, “Al-Jabr,” not only gave algebra its name, but also gave birth to the term “algorithm.”
- Al-Tabari was a polymath who made contributions to fields as diverse as astronomy, mathematics, geography, and history.
- Al-Razi was known as the father of pediatrics and made advances in the field of ophthalmology.
- Al-Battani was the first astronomer to demonstrate that the sun’s apogee (farthest distance from the Earth) changes over time.
- Al-Jayyani measured the angle of solar elevation at noon in various latitudes, and used this information to develop a table of sines and tangents.

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The Islamic Golden Age saw significant contributions to the development of the scientific method, with scientists such as Ḥasan Ibn al-Haytham and Abu Rayhan al-Biruni introducing the ideas of positivism and induction to scientific methodology. Islamic mathematicians made advancements in algebra, spherical law, and the numerical system, with al-Khwārizmī serving as the origin of the term ‘algorithm.’ Islamic physicists developed concepts such as reaction, acceleration, and impetus, while optics saw developments in the refraction of light and the use of lenses. Astronomy, geography, cartography, chemistry, and biology also saw significant progress during this time. Lastly, the Islamic Golden Age brought about an agricultural revolution, prompting advancements in farming, irrigation, and the study of animal parts and the human body.

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Muslim scholars contributed

not only to the use of logic in the development of mathematical ideas and relationships, but also to a workable system of numeration that included zero and led to the solution of equations.

Islamic mathematicians such as Al-Khwarizmi, Avicenna and Jamshīd al-Kāshī made advances in

algebra, trigonometry, geometry and Arabic numerals. Islamic doctors described diseases like smallpox and measles, and challenged classical Greek medical theory.

The way that the Islamic Scholars were able to contribute to the fields of science and mathematical knowledge was A. They collected knowledge of the Muslim world, so others could study it.How did the Muslims contribute to math and science?The Muslims were very instrumental in a lot of the math and science knowledge that we have today. This was a result of their scholars discovering the knowledge left behind by the previous empires that controlled the areas that the Muslims took over. They were able to assimilate this knowledge, build upon it, and come up with new concepts of their own. For instance, it was the Muslim Scholar and Mathematician, Mohammed ibn-Musa al-Khowarizmi, that came up with the concept of 0 and its use in algebra. The Muslims did not keep this information of the Muslim World to themselves however, and shared it with others especially the Europeans during the time of the Crusades. Find out more on Muslim Scholars at https://brainly.com/question/19182984#SPJ1

**More interesting questions on the issue**

In this way, **How did Islamic scholars improve math and science?** Response will be: Islamic scientists in the 10th century were involved in three major mathematical projects: the completion of arithmetic algorithms, the development of algebra, and the extension of geometry.

Also, **How did Islamic scholars contribute to mathematics?**

Response: Muslim mathematicians invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it – addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, raising to a power, and extracting the square root and the cubic root.

**How did Islamic scholars contribute to the growth of scientific?**

As an answer to this: In addition to the large stationary instruments at observatories, scientists working under Islamic patronage were also successful in developing smaller portable tools such as the astrolabe (used for mapping and astronomical calculations), the astrolabic quadrant, and the celestial globe.

Also to know is, **How did Islam contribute to the scientific method?**

Response will be: Elements of modern scientific methods are found in early Islamic philosophy, in particular, using experiments to distinguish between competing scientific theories, and a general belief that knowledge reveals nature honestly. Islamic philosophy developed in the Middle Ages and was pivotal in scientific debates.

Consequently, **How did Islam contribute to science?** Islam was the driving force behind the Muslim achievements and Muslim scientists helped in laying the foundations for experimental sciences with their contributions to the scientific method and their empirical, experimental, and quantitative approach to scientific inquiry.

Furthermore, **When did Islamic mathematics start?** Answer will be: Islamic contributions to mathematics began around ad 825, when the Baghdad mathematician Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī wrote his famous treatise al-Kitāb al-mukhtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-jabr wa’l-muqābala (translated into Latin in the 12th century as Algebra et Almucabal, from which the modern term algebra is derived).

Then, **What were the achievements of Muslim scholars?** The response is: Foremost in the achievements of Muslim scholars was the treatment of numbers. It is impossible to conceive how science could have advanced without a sensible logical numeric system to replace the clumsy numerals of the Roman Empire.

Correspondingly, **Why did the mathematician play a central role in Islam?**

This may help explain why the mathematician, who was something of a displaced person in the West right up to the late Middle Ages , plays a central role in Islam from the very start. Two centuries after the establishment in the Near East of Christianity (in A.D. 313), the Christian-dominated West was still sunk deep in barbarism.

Also asked, **How did Muslim scholars contribute to the development of mathematics?**

Muslim scholars added not only to the use of logic in the development of mathematical ideas and relationships, but also to an effective system of numeration that involved zero and headed to the solution of equations.

**How did Islam contribute to science?**

Islam was the driving force behind the Muslim achievements and Muslim scientists helped in laying the foundations for experimental sciences with their contributions to the scientific method and their empirical, experimental, and quantitative approach to scientific inquiry.

Likewise, **What were the achievements of Muslim scholars?**

Response will be: Foremost in the achievements of Muslim scholars was the treatment of numbers. It is impossible to conceive how science could have advanced without a sensible logical numeric system to replace the clumsy numerals of the Roman Empire.

Simply so, **How did medical knowledge develop in the Muslim world?**

As a response to this: The medical knowledge available in the Muslim world was so far advanced as compared to the Medieval West. Muslim innovation and work in chemistry and medicine flourished from about 900–1200 AD. After the translation efforts of Toledo and other places, books from Arab sources became standard medical texts in Europe.