It is impossible to give an exact number as the field of mathematics includes both professionals and enthusiasts, and the counts may vary depending on how one defines a “mathematician.”

## If you require more information

“It is difficult to provide an exact count of mathematicians as the field of mathematics encompasses both professionals and enthusiasts. Different organizations and institutions have different criteria for classifying someone as a mathematician, which can also affect the number. However, here are some interesting facts related to the field:

- According to the American Mathematical Society, there were approximately 29,000 members in 2019, but this only represents a portion of mathematicians worldwide.
- The International Mathematical Union has 83 member countries, with each country having its own mathematical society which also has its own members.
- Famous mathematician Paul Erdős collaborated with 511 different co-authors in his lifetime, making him the most prolific collaborator in the history of mathematics.
- According to the book “Mathematicians: An Outer View of the Inner World” by Mariana Cook, mathematicians come from diverse backgrounds and cultures. For example, the book includes portraits and stories of mathematicians who grew up in Brazil, Czechoslovakia, Japan, China, Ukraine, and beyond.
- The field of mathematics comprises various subfields, such as algebra, geometry, statistics, and more. Each subfield has its own experts and enthusiasts, contributing to the diverse community of mathematicians around the world.

As the British mathematician G. H. Hardy once said, “A mathematician, like a painter or poet, is a maker of patterns. If his patterns are more permanent than theirs, it is because they are made with ideas.””

It is not possible to provide an exact count of mathematicians, as the field includes both professionals and enthusiasts, and counts may vary depending on how one defines a “mathematician.”

## Watch a video on the subject

The Map of Mathematics video explains the interconnectedness of different areas of mathematics and how they are applied to solve problems in other fields. It also discusses the foundations of mathematics and how it does not have a complete and consistent set of axioms.

## Other options for answering your question

How Many Mathematicians Are There in the U.S.? There are

over 35,800individual members of the four leading professional mathematical sciences societies in the U.S.—the AMS, the Association for Women in Mathematics, the Mathematical Association of America, and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

There are over 35,800 individual members of the four leading professional mathematical sciences societies in the U.S.. If we apply the ratio of one mathematician per 10,000 inhabitants to the world population of 7,000,000,000, there would be 700,000 mathematicians worldwide.

There are over 35,800 individual members of the four leading professional mathematical sciences societies in the U.S.—the AMS, the Association for Women in Mathematics, the Mathematical Association of America, and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

One mathematician per 10,000 inhabitants, applied to a world population of 7,000,000,000, leads to 700,000 mathematicians worldwide.

Lists of mathematicians. Lists of mathematicians cover notable mathematicians by nationality, ethnicity, religion, profession and other characteristics. Alphabetical lists are also available (see table to the right).

## You will probably be interested

**How many mathematicians are in USA?** There were 40,300 mathematicians and statisticians in the country in 2016, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

In this way, **Who is the top 1 mathematician?** Most Famous Mathematicians: (Top 5)

- 1 1. Pythagoras. 1.1 What did Pythagoras do? 1.2 Pythagoras Life Card.
- 2 2. David Hilbert. 2.1 Hilbert’s Life Card.
- 3 3. Sir Isaac Newton. 3.1 Mathematics and Isaac Newton.
- 4 4. Hypatia. 4.1 Hypatia Life Card.
- 5 5. Ada Lovelace. 5.1 The life of Ada Lovelace.

In this regard, **How many PhD mathematicians are there?**

Response to this: Over the last 20 years the number of PhDs awarded in mathematics has nearly doubled, from 1050 in 2000 to **over 2000** in 2019.

**How many maths are there in the world?**

As a response to this: What are the four branches of Mathematics? Algebra, Geometry, Calculus and Statistics & Probability are considered to be the 4 main branches of Mathematics.

Also, **How many mathematicians are there in the US?** As a response to this: By definition mathematician is a person who holds phd in mathematics. Per Wikipedia only 2.94% of population in US out of 310 million hold phd in anything. And math phd’s are very rare. By estimation I would assume that only 0.001% of total population would hold phd in mathematics. So that does end up as around 3100 mathematicians in US.

Besides, **How many mathematicians are there in France?**

Answer to this: In an article written a few years ago ("Mathematicians in France and in the world"), Jean-Pierre Bourguignon estimates that there are around 80 000 mathematicians worldwide, with the AMS having about 15 000 members. For France he says 4000 work in academia ("a reliable estimate") and about 2000 in the private sector.

Consequently, **Are all mathematics PhDs working mathematicians?** **Not all** Mathematics PhDs are working mathematicians or associated with academia. In an article written a few years ago ("Mathematicians in France and in the world"), Jean-Pierre Bourguignon estimates that there are around 80 000 mathematicians worldwide, with the AMS having about 15 000 members.

**What does a mathematician do?**

The reply will be: A mathematician is an expert in the field of mathematics; a person who is highly skilled and knowledgeable. It is a science that deals with numbers and their interrelations, combinations and operations, data, measurements, quantity, structure, space and generalizations.

People also ask, **How many mathematicians are there in the US?**

Response will be: By definition mathematician is a person who holds phd in mathematics. Per Wikipedia only 2.94% of population in US out of 310 million hold phd in anything. And math phd’s are very rare. By estimation I would assume that only 0.001% of total population would hold phd in mathematics. So that does end up as around 3100 mathematicians in US.

**How many mathematicians are there in France?**

In an article written a few years ago ("Mathematicians in France and in the world"), Jean-Pierre Bourguignon estimates that there are around 80 000 mathematicians worldwide, with the AMS having about 15 000 members. For France he says **4000** work in academia ("a reliable estimate") and about 2000 in the private sector.

**Are all mathematics PhDs working mathematicians?**

In reply to that: Not all Mathematics PhDs are working mathematicians or associated with academia. In an article written a few years ago ("Mathematicians in France and in the world"), Jean-Pierre Bourguignon estimates that there are around 80 000 mathematicians worldwide, with the AMS having about 15 000 members.

Accordingly, **How much do mathematicians make a year?**

Mathematicians and statisticians may work on teams with engineers, scientists, and other specialists. Mathematicians and statisticians typically need at least a master’s degree in mathematics or statistics. However, some positions are available to those with a bachelor’s degree. The median annual wage for mathematicians was $108,100 in May 2021.