Islam contributed significantly to the development of mathematics by preserving and translating ancient Greek and Indian mathematics, introducing new concepts such as the decimal point and algebra, and promoting the use of mathematics in fields such as astronomy and architecture.

## And now, more closely

Islam has made significant contributions to the field of mathematics throughout history. One of the main ways in which Islam contributed to math was by preserving and translating ancient Greek and Indian mathematics. Islamic scholars translated classical texts and preserved mathematical knowledge, which was later translated by the Europeans in the Renaissance era.

In addition to preservation, Islam introduced new concepts to mathematics such as the decimal point and algebra. The Indian numeral system, which included the idea of zero, was adopted by Islamic scholars and transmitted to the Western world. According to Abdus Salam, a Nobel Laureate in Physics and Muslim scholar, “Algebra is the intellectual heritage of all mankind.”

Islam also promoted the use of mathematics in fields such as astronomy and architecture. Islamic astronomers made some of the greatest contributions to mathematics, including creating tables to predict the movements of celestial bodies, and developing trigonometry. Architecture was another field where mathematics played an important role. The Muslims used geometric patterns in their art and architecture. The intricate designs of the Alhambra in Spain, for example, were based on complex geometric computations.

Here is a table summarizing some of the contributions Islam made to mathematics:

Contribution | Description |
---|---|

Preservation | Islamic scholars translated classical texts and preserved mathematical knowledge for the Western world |

Algebra | Islamic scholars developed algebra, which has been called the “intellectual heritage of all mankind” |

Indian Numeral System | The Indian numeral system was adopted by Islamic scholars and transmitted to the West. It included the idea of zero, which was a revolutionary concept for mathematics |

Astronomy | Islamic astronomers made some of the greatest contributions to mathematics, including creating tables to predict the movements of celestial bodies, and developing trigonometry |

Architecture | The Muslims used geometric patterns in their art and architecture. The intricate designs of the Alhambra in Spain, for example, were based on complex geometric computations |

To sum up, the contributions of Islam to mathematics have left an indelible mark on the field, influencing scholars and mathematicians for centuries. As the French mathematician, Henri Poincaré once said, “The mathematical art of Muslim Spain and the East was something more than a mere channel of transmission; it was in many ways a new art, altering the old traditions in significant respects and creating a new world of scientific thought.”

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The word “algorithm” stems from the name of a Persian mathematician and scholar, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi. Al-Khwarizmi was a director in the House of Wisdom and made significant contributions to mathematics, astronomy, geography, and cartography. He introduced Hindu-Arabic numerals to the West and contributed to maths by showing how complex problems could be broken down into simpler parts and solved. This paved the way for the computer age, as the principles of algorithms became the foundation for modern computing.

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Muslim mathematicians invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it – addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, raising to a power, and extracting the square root and the cubic root.

Specifically, they

invented the algebrathat most learn in school today, made significant advances in the field of trigonometry, and helped form a synthesis of mathematical ideas, fusing the best of Greek mathematics with important Hindu and Persian concepts to create a mathematical structure that was far grander than what they had inherited.

The 7th to the 13th century was the golden age of Muslim learning. In mathematics they contributed and

invented the present arithmetical decimal systemand the fundamental operations connected with it: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, exponentiation, and extracting the root. They also introduced the ‘zero’ concept to the world.

Islamic scientists in the 10th century were involved in three major mathematical projects: the

completion of arithmetic algorithms, the development of algebra, and the extension of geometry.

A

systematic study of methods for solving quadratic equationsconstituted a central concern of Islamic mathematicians. A no less central contribution was related to the Islamic reception and transmission of ideas related to the Indian system of numeration, to which they added decimal fractions (fractions such as 0.125, or 1/8).

In the spirit of the advice of the prophet Muhammad to always be seeking knowledge, the early Arab world made a formidable number of important contributions to modern civilization in many areas, including science and math. Muslim scholars are credited with borrowing from and extending the mathematical knowledge of the Greeks, Egyptians, Indians, and Babylonians. A number system borrowed from India, and another one from Babylon were blended over the years to create the system of Arabic numbers we use today. Additionally, the “fathers” of algebra and trigonometry were scholars of the Arab world.

In the natural world, Muslim scholars studied and pioneered ideas in astronomy, which were necessary to their religious practices; they needed to keep track of the months to celebrate Ramadan, the hours, to pray at the appropriate times, and the direction one must face toward Mecca. The first observatories and the astrolabe are credited to these scholars. The world of Islam can also claim credit …

## More intriguing questions on the topic

**What number did Islam contribute to the field of mathematics?** The response is: IN MATHEMATICS:

The Muslims developed the symbol for zero and they systematized the numbers into the decimal system – base 10.

Similar

Secondly, **What math came from Islam?**

The most important contribution may be the invention of algebra, which originated in Baghdad in the House of Wisdom (bayt al-hikma). The House of Wisdom was primarily a library and a place for translation and research.

Secondly, **What did Muslims contribute to mathematics and astronomy?** The math required for astronomy was also advanced in large part by Islamic scholars. They developed spherical trigonometry and algebra, two forms of math fundamental to precise calculations of the stars.

**Where were the Islamic advances in mathematics?**

Response to this: The Islamic Empire established across Persia, the Middle East, Central Asia, North Africa, Iberia and parts of India from the 8th Century onwards made significant contributions towards mathematics. They were able to draw on and fuse together the mathematical developments of both Greece and India.

**What did Muslims contribute to mathematics?**

Response to this: What did the Muslim contribution to mathematics? Muslim mathematicians invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it – addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, raising to a power, and extracting the square root and the cubic root. What are some Islamic achievements? Here Hassani shares his top 10 outstanding Muslim inventions

**Are there any Arab contributions in math and science?**

The answer is: Originally Answered: Are their any Arab contributions to math and science? Actually, Arabs were on the top on the world for couple hundred years ! So they did a lot during that era . Who created number and algebra is el khawezmy. First one created “sociology” ibn Khold.

**What is mathematics contribution by the Muslims?** In reply to that: The contribution made by Muslim mathematicians towards Western civilization cannot be underestimated. Unlike other religions where dogmas are not linked to science, Islam and science are correlated (Ahmed 63). Muslims have contributed greatly to the development of modern science especially in the area of algebra.

Herein, **What contributions did Muslims make in science?** Muslim Contributions to Science (5) The Solar System Telescope Medicine Smallpox Botany Objective Experiment Chemistry Historiography . The Solar System. The astronomer who is said to have studied the solar system and presented the heliocentric theory for the first time was a Greek, known by the name of Aristarchus of Samos. He died in 270 BC.

Keeping this in view, **What did Muslims contribute to mathematics?** What did the Muslim contribution to mathematics? Muslim mathematicians invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it – addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, raising to a power, and extracting the square root and the cubic root. What are some Islamic achievements? Here Hassani shares his top 10 outstanding Muslim inventions

Furthermore, **Are there any Arab contributions in math and science?**

In reply to that: Originally Answered: Are their any Arab contributions to math and science? Actually, Arabs were on the top on the world for couple hundred years ! So they did a lot during that era . Who created number and algebra is el khawezmy. First one created “sociology” ibn Khold.

**What is mathematics contribution by the Muslims?** Response to this: The contribution made by Muslim mathematicians towards Western civilization cannot be underestimated. Unlike other religions where dogmas are not linked to science, Islam and science are correlated (Ahmed 63). Muslims have contributed greatly to the development of modern science especially in the area of algebra.

Furthermore, **What contributions did Muslims make in science?**

As an answer to this: Muslim Contributions to Science (5) The Solar System Telescope Medicine Smallpox Botany Objective Experiment Chemistry Historiography . The Solar System. The astronomer who is said to have studied the solar system and presented the heliocentric theory for the first time was a Greek, known by the name of Aristarchus of Samos. He died in 270 BC.