Greeks contributed to geometry by developing foundational concepts and theorems, such as Euclid’s elements and Pythagoras’ theorem, which have influenced the study of mathematics for centuries.

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The Greeks made significant contributions to the development of geometry, which have shaped the study of mathematics for centuries. Euclid’s book “Elements” is considered to be the most influential work in the history of mathematics. Euclid’s axioms serve as the foundation for Euclidean geometry and set the standards for logical reasoning in mathematical proofs.

Pythagoras’ theorem, which states that in a right-angled triangle the square of the length of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides, is a fundamental concept in geometry and has countless practical applications. Other notable Greek mathematicians who contributed to geometry include Thales, who was the first to identify the concept of a circle and prove several of its properties, and Archimedes, who applied math to the study of mechanics.

In addition to their mathematical achievements, the Greeks also made significant contributions to philosophy, art, and science. According to Plato, “Geometry will draw the soul toward truth and create the spirit of philosophy.” Math was viewed by the Greeks as a cornerstone of understanding the nature of the universe and the meaning of life.

Some interesting facts about Greek geometry include:

- The Greek word for “geometry” is “geometria,” which means “measurement of the earth.”
- Greeks used geometry to measure land and determine property boundaries.
- The Greeks believed that geometric shapes had symbolic and mystical meanings.
- The Greeks were the first to discover the concept of a “golden ratio,” which is a mathematical ratio found in nature that is believed to be aesthetically pleasing to humans.
- The Greeks believed that math was essential for the development of character and intellect.

Here is a table summarizing some of the key contributions of notable Greek mathematicians to geometry:

Mathematician | Contributions to Geometry |
---|---|

Thales | Developed the concept of a circle and proved several of its properties |

Euclid | Developed the foundational concepts and theorems of Euclidean geometry, which set the standard for logical reasoning in mathematical proofs |

Pythagoras | Created Pythagoras’ theorem, which is a fundamental concept in geometry |

Archimedes | Applied math to the study of mechanics and made significant contributions to the understanding of geometry and physics |

In conclusion, the Greeks made significant contributions to the development of geometry through their foundational concepts and theorems, which have influenced the study of mathematics for centuries. Their math accomplishments were viewed as essential for understanding the nature of the universe and the meaning of life. The famous quote from Plato, “Geometry will draw the soul toward truth and create the spirit of philosophy,” speaks to the importance that the Greeks placed on mathematics in the search for knowledge.

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The video covers the contribution of Ancient Greeks and the Pythagoreans in revolutionizing mathematics, philosophy and government. The Pythagoreans’ work on shapes such as circles, rectangles and triangles paved the way for the development of geometry, which was considered as a form of inquiry with completely objective answers. The Pythagoreans viewed mathematics as the study of divine perfection in physical form and their mystic beliefs, although some were found to be untrue, made significant contributions to mathematics that are still being used today.

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Influenced initially by the Egyptians, Greek mathematicians would push on to make breakthroughs such as

Pythagoras’ theory of right-angled trianglesand, by focussing on the abstract, bring clarity and precision to age-old mathematical problems.

They expanded the range of

geometryto many new kinds of figures, curves, surfaces, and solids; they changed its methodology from trial-and-error to logical deduction; they recognized thatgeometrystudies "eternal forms", or abstractions, of which physical objects are only approximations; and they developed the idea of the "axiomatic method", still in use today.

Interest in geometry in Greece may be divided into three phases. the earliest phase emphasized philosophical and religious applications, such as the speculations of two pre‐Socratic philosophers who used geometric models to articulate their views of the cosmos, thales of Miletos and anaximander of Miletos, both of them active in the first half of the sixth century bce. the second phase was centered in hellenistic alexandria,…

How did Ancient Greek mathematicians get so skilled in geometry? Did they learn from mathematicians before them, from other cultures?

I will start my answer from the second part: Yes, a lot of cultures before the Greeks excelled in mathematical calculations. Egyptians -in particular- and Mesopotamians, been great empirical astronomers and geodeticians, predated Greeks and influenced them in their scientific way of thinking.

Early Ionian philosophers- like Pythagoras of Samos and Thales of Miletus- walked in the same path and produced clever solutions like the Pythagorean matrix and the Thales theorem- the Pythagorean theorem most likely pre-existed, a similar method was used by the Babylonians.

The cause for the enhanced study of geometrical solutions in Greece, is for one more time, the rough relief of the country. The farms are more difficult to be measured, distances between sites too-remember the plethora of islands (there it is where Thales theorem is very useful). Maybe some o…

## More interesting questions on the topic

**How did the Greeks influence geometry?**

The answer is: Geometry in Classical Greece

Studying geometry was one of those pursuits that helped them to gain a clearer picture of how the world worked. Classical geometers like Thales, Pythagoras, and later on, Plato, talked about things like eternal forms and the axiomatic method and these principals are still in use today.

Furthermore, **What is the Greek basis of geometry?** Geometry comes from two Greek words, “ge” meaning “earth” and “metria” meaning “measuring.” The approach to Geometry developed by the Ancient Greeks has been used for over 2000 years as the basis of geometry.

**Which Greeks made advances in geometry?** The reply will be: Thales (635-543 BC) of Miletus (now in southwestern Turkey), was the first to whom deduction in mathematics is attributed. There are five geometric propositions for which he wrote deductive proofs, though his proofs have not survived.

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Moreover, **When did the Greeks invent geometry?**

Early Greek Geometry

The first, and one of the greatest names, is Thales of Miletus, a mathematician living in the 6th century BCE. He is regarded as the father of geometry and began the process of using deduction from first principles.

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In this manner, **Did ancient Greeks study geometry?**

As a response to this: The Ancient Egyptians, Babylonians, and Indians studied and invented certain early geometric principles but the Greeks took what had been discovered and made crucial advancements that have shaped modern geometry today. In fact, in Ancient Greece, studying geometry was considered the gold standard of their mathematical and scientific pursuits.

Keeping this in view, **What did Ancient Greek mathematicians do?**

Response will be: The mathematicians of ancient Greece made a hugely significant contribution to world thought and all practical subjects which depend on that intellectual basis, from geometry to engineering, astronomy to design.

Beside this, **What is the history of geometry?** Geometry (from the Ancient Greek: γεωμετρία; geo- "earth", -metron "measurement") arose as the field of knowledge dealing with spatial relationships. Geometry was one of the two fields of pre-modern mathematics, the other being the study of numbers ( arithmetic ). Classic geometry was focused in compass and straightedge constructions.

Subsequently, **What did the Greeks contribute to society?** The Greeks made important contributions to philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. Literature and theatre was an important aspect of Greek culture and influenced modern drama. The Greeks were known for their sophisticated sculpture and architecture.

Additionally, **Did ancient Greeks study geometry?**

The Ancient Egyptians, Babylonians, and Indians studied and invented certain early geometric principles but the Greeks took what had been discovered and made crucial advancements that have shaped modern geometry today. In fact, in Ancient Greece, studying geometry was considered the gold standard of their mathematical and scientific pursuits.

Besides, **Who influenced modern math in ancient Greece?** Response: They laid the groundwork for much of the work done by later Greek mathematicians, includingEuclid, who arguably had the biggest impact on modern math of any of the ancient Greek scholars. When it comes to ancient Greek mathematicians, perhaps the standout MVP is Euclid.

In this regard, **What is the history of geometry?** Answer: Geometry (from the Ancient Greek: γεωμετρία; geo- "earth", -metron "measurement") arose as the field of knowledge dealing with spatial relationships. Geometry was one of the two fields of pre-modern mathematics, the other being the study of numbers ( arithmetic ). Classic geometry was focused in compass and straightedge constructions.

**How did the Greeks geometrize the heavens?**

Answer will be: In an inspired use of their geometry, the Greeks did what no earlier people seems to have done: they geometrized the heavens by supposing that the Sun, Moon, and planets move around a stationary Earth on a rotating circle or set of circles, and they calculated the speed of rotation of these supposititious circles from observed motions.

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**Did you know that,**He is considered one of the greatest mathematicians to have ever lived, and a European Space Agency’s spacecraft was even named in his honor, the Euclid Spacecraft. Proclus Diadochus, in his Commentary on Euclid’s Elements, relates the history of geometry up to the time of Euclid. The following extract is taken from his commentary on Book I:-

**It’s interesting that,**Euclid of Alexandria was a Greek mathematician who is best known for his work in geometry. He lived in Alexandria, Egypt around 300 BCE, during the Hellenistic period. Euclid is considered one of the most influential mathematicians in history, as his work laid the foundations for much of the mathematical knowledge that we have today.

**It’s interesting that,**Euclid’s work had an immense impact on the teaching of mathematics for a very long time. Elements was eventually translated into Arabic in the 800s. It was later translated from Arabic into Latin in 1120. The first English translation appeared in 1570. Euclid wrote about other topics as well, including optics (the study of light) and music.