Muslims did not create math, but they made significant advancements and contributions to the field during the Islamic Golden Age from the 8th to the 15th century.

## Explanatory question

Muslims did not create math, but rather inherited the knowledge from earlier civilizations. However, during the Islamic Golden Age from the 8th to the 15th century, Muslim scholars made significant advancements and contributions to the field.

One of the most notable Muslim mathematicians was Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, who lived in the 9th century and is often referred to as the “father of algebra.” He wrote a book titled “The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing” which introduced the concepts of algebra and algorithms.

Another famous Muslim mathematician was Abu al-Wafa’ al-Buzjani who lived in the 10th century. He made significant contributions to the fields of trigonometry and astronomy, and is credited with creating the tangent function.

The Islamic Golden Age also saw the development of the decimal system, which is the system of numbers we use today. Muslim mathematicians adopted the Indian numerals and developed the concept of zero, which revolutionized the field of mathematics.

In fact, the word “algorithm” is derived from the name of al-Khwarizmi, and the word “algebra” is derived from the Arabic word “al-jabr,” meaning “reunion of broken parts.”

A quote from Keith Devlin, a mathematician and author, sums up the contributions of Muslim scholars to the field of mathematics: “The Muslim empire of the early Middle Ages was unique in that it was a written culture, and, as such, it valued scholarship. It was this passion for scholarship that allowed mathematics to flourish, and this in turn allowed the Islamic empire to flourish.”

Here is a table summarizing some of the major contributions made by Muslim mathematicians during the Islamic Golden Age:

Mathematician | Time Period | Contributions |
---|---|---|

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi | 9th century | Introduced algebra and algorithms |

Abu al-Wafa’ al-Buzjani | 10th century | Made contributions to trigonometry and astronomy |

Al-Hasan Ibn al-Haytham | 11th century | Made contributions to optics and geometry |

Nasir al-Din al-Tusi | 13th century | Made contributions to trigonometry and astronomy |

Omar Khayyam | 11th century | Made contributions to algebra and geometry |

**A visual response to the word “When did Muslims create math?”**

The video discusses the development of Islamic mathematics under the rule of Harun al-Rashid, who collected and translated works from various cultures, and his successor Abu Jafar al-Ma’mun, who established the House of Wisdom, a center for scholarly work. Al-Khwarizmi is credited with writing the first book of algebra and spreading the decimal system and the use of zero as a placeholder. Other important mathematicians of the Islamic Golden Age mentioned include Eben Quora and Abu al-Hassan al-Khla DC who worked on amicable numbers and decimal fractions respectively, and Al-Haytham who developed a formula for finding the volume of a particular solid of revolution obtained by rotating a parabola. The famous poet Omar Khayyam was also a skilled mathematician, interested in finding the exact value of the roots of a cubic polynomial, which would later become Europe’s first mathematical accomplishment.

## I discovered more data

Muslims made significant contributions to mathematics during the 7th to the 13th century, which is considered the golden age of Muslim learning. They invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it, including the concept of ‘zero’. They also invented algebra, made significant advances in the field of trigonometry, and fused the best of Greek mathematics with important Hindu and Persian concepts to create a mathematical structure that was far grander than what they had inherited. However, it is important to note that Muslims did not invent mathematics, which is an ancient discipline that has been around for thousands of years.

The 7th to the 13th century was the golden age of Muslim learning. In mathematics they contributed and invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, exponentiation, and extracting the root. They also introduced the ‘zero’ concept to the world.

Specifically, they invented the

algebrathat most learn in school today, made significant advances in the field of trigonometry, and helped form a synthesis of mathematical ideas, fusing the best of Greek mathematics with important Hindu and Persian concepts to create a mathematical structure that was far grander than what they had inherited.

No, Muslims did not invent mathematics. Maths is an ancient discipline that has been around for thousands of years, long before Islam and the Islamic world came about.

No.

There’s a long history of algebra which you could easily look up on Wikipedia, as you would do if you were genuinely interested in the truth about this question. History of algebra – Wikipedia [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_algebra ]

Bits and pieces of what we now call “algebra” were around for thousands of years before Islam. A Muslim scholar codified much of this and gave it the name which we transliterate as “algebra,” so he should rightly be given much credit in the long history of this discipline. “The word “algebra” is derived from the Arabic [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_language ] word الجبر al-jabr, and this comes from the treatise written in the year 830 by the medieval Persian mathematician, Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_ibn_Musa_al-Khwarizmi ], whose Arabic title, Kitāb al-muḫtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-ğabr wa-l-muqābala [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Compendious_Book_on_Calculation_by_Completion_and_Balancing…

**Facts on the subject**

**Thematic fact:**Islamic mathematicians translated virtually every surviving Greek text on mathematics and they were certainly aware of the Greek discoveries and formulations of problems. In fact, the earliest Muslim text describing algebra describes problems that could only have been translated from the Greeks. Al-Daffa, A.A. The Muslim Contribution to Mathematics. Maor, Eli.

**More interesting questions on the issue**

Hereof, **What did Muslims invent in math?** In reply to that: Muslim mathematicians invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it – addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, raising to a power, and extracting the square root and the cubic root.

**Who developed mathematics in Islam?**

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi*Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi*, a Persian scholar in the House of Wisdom in Baghdad was the founder of algebra, is along with the Greek mathematician Diophantus, known as the father of algebra.

**When was Arabic math invented?** The reply will be: The background to the mathematical developments which began in Baghdad *around 800* is not well understood. Certainly there was an important influence which came from the Hindu mathematicians whose earlier development of the decimal system and numerals was important.

Correspondingly, **Did the Islamic Golden Age invent algebra?** Answer to this: Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (c. 780-850), also known as The Father of Algebra, was mathematician, astronomer and geographer. He was a scholar of the House of Wisdom in Baghdad; *he introduced the basics of Algebra and Algorithm still used to this day*.

Regarding this, **When did Islamic mathematics start?**

Answer will be: Islamic contributions to mathematics began *around ad 825*, when the Baghdad mathematician Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī wrote his famous treatise al-Kitāb al-mukhtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-jabr wa’l-muqābala (translated into Latin in the 12th century as Algebra et Almucabal, from which the modern term algebra is derived).

Thereof, **How did algebra help Muslim mathematicians?**

The reply will be: The introduction of Algebra allowed future Muslim mathematicians to turn their intellect to solving equations just for the sake of solving equations, even though they had no physically application (at least the time) such as where does a line intersect a parabola? This is what we would call today pure mathematics.

One may also ask, **When was number theory invented in Arabic mathematics?** Response: Lagrange gave the first proof in 1771 and it should be noticed that it is more than 750 years after al-Haytham before number theory surpasses this achievement of Arabic mathematics. Continuing the story of amicable numbers, from which we have taken a diversion, it is worth noting that they play a large role in Arabic mathematics.

Regarding this, **Is philosophy of mathematics an independent discipline in the medieval Islamic world?**

Answer will be: Putting these scattered engagements together, it becomes clear that although philosophy of mathematics has *never been treated as an independent discipline* in the medieval Islamic world, Muslim thinkers came up with very interesting and profound ideas, insights, and arguments about at least some philosophical issues related to mathematics.