Islam did not invent math, but many Muslim scholars made significant contributions to the development of mathematics, including the invention of algebra and the use of the decimal system.
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Islam did not invent math, but many Muslim scholars made significant contributions to the development of mathematics. One of the most important contributions was the invention of algebra, a word that comes from the Arabic “al-jabr,” meaning “reunion of broken parts.” The Persian mathematician Al-Khwarizmi, a scholar in the House of Wisdom in Baghdad during the early 9th century, is often credited with developing the rules of algebra as we know them today.
Another major contribution made by Muslim scholars to mathematics was the use of the decimal system, which includes the use of zero as a placeholder. This system was developed in India, but it was Muslim scholars who introduced it to the West. It is interesting to note that the word “zero” comes from the Arabic word “sifr,” meaning “empty.”
Muslim scholars also made significant contributions to trigonometry, geometry, and calculus. They helped to popularize the use of Arabic numerals, which are still widely used today. Famous Muslim mathematicians include Al-Khwarizmi, Al-Farabi, and Al-Biruni.
To quote from the UNESCO report “Science and Technology in Islamic History:”
“Undoubtedly the most original and important achievement of medieval Islamic mathematics was the development of arithmetic, algebra, geometry and trigonometry into a coherent and consistent whole within an axiomatic framework. These sciences were transmitted to the West through Latin translations by Gerard of Cremona and others, and became the foundation of modern Western mathematics.”
Here is a table of some notable Muslim mathematicians and their contributions:
|Al-Khwarizmi||Invented algebra and developed the rules of arithmetic and algebraic equations|
|Al-Farabi||Made contributions to music theory, optics, and logic|
|Al-Biruni||Measured the earth’s radius and made contributions to astronomy and geography|
|Omar Khayyam||Solved many cubic equations and worked on the parallel postulate in geometry|
|Nasir al-Din al-Tusi||Made contributions to trigonometry, geometry, and theology|
Overall, Muslim scholars made numerous contributions to the field of mathematics that are still relevant today. Without their work, the development of modern mathematics would not have been possible.
Answer in the video
The word “algorithm” stems from the name of a Persian mathematician and scholar, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi. Al-Khwarizmi was a director in the House of Wisdom and made significant contributions to mathematics, astronomy, geography, and cartography. He introduced Hindu-Arabic numerals to the West and contributed to maths by showing how complex problems could be broken down into simpler parts and solved. This paved the way for the computer age, as the principles of algorithms became the foundation for modern computing.
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There’s a long history of algebra which you could easily look up on Wikipedia, as you would do if you were genuinely interested in the truth about this question. History of algebra – Wikipedia [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_algebra ]
Bits and pieces of what we now call “algebra” were around for thousands of years before Islam. A Muslim scholar codified much of this and gave it the name which we transliterate as “algebra,” so he should rightly be given much credit in the long history of this discipline. “The word “algebra” is derived from the Arabic [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_language ] word الجبر al-jabr, and this comes from the treatise written in the year 830 by the medieval Persian mathematician, Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_ibn_Musa_al-Khwarizmi ], whose Arabic title, Kitāb al-muḫtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-ğabr wa-l-muqābala [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Compendious_Book_on_Calculation_by_Completion_and_Balancing…
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Besides, Did Islam invent algebra?
Answer to this: Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi was a 9th-century Muslim mathematician and astronomer. He is known as the “father of algebra”, a word derived from the title of his book, Kitab al-Jabr. His pioneering work offered practical answers for land distribution, rules on inheritance and distributing salaries.
What inventions did Islam make?
Response will be: Here Hassani shares his top 10 outstanding Muslim inventions:
- Surgery. Around the year 1,000, the celebrated doctor Al Zahrawi published a 1,500 page illustrated encyclopedia of surgery that was used in Europe as a medical reference for the next 500 years.
- Flying machine.
What did Muslims contribute to geometry?
As a response to this: The great philosopher Abū Naṣr al‐Fārābī (ca. 870–950) proposed many geometric constructions of parabolas, regular polygons, squares equal to three given equal squares, constructions with one opening of the compass, and constructions on the sphere.
Additionally, Who invented Islamic math?
Response: Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi
Perhaps the most famous mathematician was Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (ca. 800-ca. 847), author of several treatises of earth-shattering importance.
When did Islamic mathematics start? Islamic contributions to mathematics began around ad 825, when the Baghdad mathematician Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī wrote his famous treatise al-Kitāb al-mukhtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-jabr wa’l-muqābala (translated into Latin in the 12th century as Algebra et Almucabal, from which the modern term algebra is derived).
How did Islam influence science? As a response to this: The Quran and Islam allows much interpretation when it comes to science. Scientists of medieval Muslim civilization (e.g. Ibn al-Haytham) contributed to the new discoveries in science. From the eighth to fifteenth century, Muslim mathematicians and astronomers furthered the development of almost all areas of mathematics.
What did Muslims invent?
Answer will be: Other inventions by Muslims included ribbed vaulting, dome-building techniques and rose windows. Muslim genius was also behind the building of Europe’s castles with their “arrow slits, battlements, a barbican and parapets”. The square towers and keeps of Europe proved to be inferior to the more easily defended round ones.
Keeping this in consideration, When was science first used in the Islamic world? The answer is: One of the earliest accounts of the use of science in the Islamic world is during the eighth and sixteenth centuries, known as the Islamic Golden Age. It is also known as "Arabic science" because of the majority of texts that were translated from Greek into Arabic.