Muslim scholars created math in Arabic during the Islamic Golden Age, particularly between the 8th and 15th centuries.

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Muslim scholars created math in Arabic during the Islamic Golden Age, particularly between the 8th and 15th centuries. This era was marked by significant advancements in various fields, including mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. According to the historian David C. Lindberg, the Muslim scholars’ “most original contributions were in the field of mathematics, where they surpassed their Greek and Hindu predecessors in a number of ways.”

One of the most influential Muslim mathematicians of this period was Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi. He was a Persian scholar who wrote extensively on arithmetic and algebra, and his works were widely translated into Latin and other European languages. His book Al-Jabr wa al-Muqabalah (meaning “The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing”) was a significant contribution to the development of algebra, and the word “algorithm” is derived from his name.

Another significant mathematician was Abu al-Wafa’ al-Buzjani, who developed new methods for solving equations and made important contributions to trigonometry. Al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, also known as Alhazen, was a prominent scholar who wrote extensively on geometry and optics. His work on optics was particularly influential in the development of modern science, and it is said that he was the first to accurately explain how vision works.

Here is a table summarizing some of the most significant Muslim mathematicians and their contributions to the field:

Mathematician | Contributions |
---|---|

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi | Developed algebraic methods and wrote extensively on arithmetic |

Abu al-Wafa’ al-Buzjani | Developed new methods for solving equations and made important contributions to trigonometry |

Al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham | Wrote extensively on geometry and optics; explained how vision works |

Overall, the Muslim scholars’ contributions to mathematics during the Islamic Golden Age had a significant impact on the development of the field and helped pave the way for future discoveries and advancements. As the philosopher John Dewey once said, “Every great advance in science has issued from a new audacity of imagination.”

## A visual response to the word “Who created math in Arabic?”

The video explores the history of Arabic numerals and how they were actually based on Hindu numerals introduced to the world by Persian mathematician Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khawarizmi. Al-Khawarizmi was not only an astronomer who corrected measurements of the world, but he also wrote the first math textbook, compiled an atlas of the known world, and codified knowledge from Greek and Indian traditions to make algebra easier for the average person. Although forgotten by history, his work eventually made its way to Europe where the Hindu-Arabic numeral system was adopted by merchants and scholars alike.

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Al-Khwārizmīis famous for his mathematical works, which introduced Hindu-Arabic numerals and algebra to European mathematicians. In fact, the words algorithm and algebra come from his name and the title of one of his works, respectively.

Mathematics in the Arab world was influenced by various cultures and civilizations, such as Persia, India, Greece, and China.

One of the most influential Arab mathematicians was al-Khwārizmī, who introduced Hindu-Arabic numerals and the concepts of algebra into European mathematics. He is considered the father of algebra, along with the Greek mathematician Diophantus. Another notable Arab mathematician was Sharaf al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī, who developed a method of approximating the positive roots of arbitrary equations.

al-Khwārizmī, in full

Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī, (born c. 780 —died c. 850), Muslim mathematician and astronomer whose major works introduced Hindu-Arabic numerals and the concepts of algebra into European mathematics.

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, a Persian scholar in the House of Wisdom in Baghdad was the founder of algebra, is along with the Greek mathematician Diophantus, known as the father of algebra.

His contemporary

Sharaf al-Dīn al-Ṭūsīlate in the 12th century provided a method of approximating the positive roots of arbitrary equations, based on an approach virtually identical to that discovered by François Viète in 16th-century France.

## Interesting information about the subject

**Fact:**Al-Khwarizmi is one of the most famous astronomers, geologist, and mathematician at the time of the Golden Era of Muslims. He is also the inventor of many mathematical methods and a branch of math, called Algebra. Furthermore, he was the first to use decimals to express the fractions.

**Interesting fact:**Al-Khwārizmī’s teachings are considered the foundations and cornerstone of the sciences and influenced millions of learned men throughout the world. During the late Medieval period, his work on arithmetic and astronomy contributed to the system of education made up of the Seven Liberal Arts.

**Wondering what,**Ever since he made his name present in every math book, al-Khwārizmī became one of the most popular figures in Arabic history. He was mentioned by almost every single media outlet that existed. So what’s new? The importance of his work does not lie in what he did twelve centuries ago, but to the methods he applied to produce such results.

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Also, **When was Arabic math invented?**

The response is: The background to the mathematical developments which began in Baghdad around 800 is not well understood. Certainly there was an important influence which came from the Hindu mathematicians whose earlier development of the decimal system and numerals was important.

Consequently, **How did Muslims invent math?**

Response to this: Muslim mathematicians invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it – addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, raising to a power, and extracting the square root and the cubic root.

Correspondingly, **Did Muslims discover math?**

Islamic scientists in the 10th century were involved in three major mathematical projects: the completion of arithmetic algorithms, the development of algebra, and the extension of geometry.

In respect to this, **Did the Arabs discover algebra?**

Arabic mathematicians established algebra as an independent discipline, and gave it the name "algebra" (al-jabr). They were the first to teach algebra in an elementary form and for its own sake.

**Who wrote a book on Arabic mathematics?** Response will be: ISBN 0-521-25844-8. Rashed, Roshdi (2001). The Development of Arabic Mathematics: Between Arithmetic and Algebra. Translated by A. F. W. Armstrong. Springer. ISBN 0-7923-2565-6. Youschkevitch, Adolf P.; Rozenfeld, Boris A. (1960). Die Mathematik der Länder des Ostens im Mittelalter. Berlin.

Accordingly, **When did Greek maths become Arabic?**

Answer: By the end of the 9th century a significant Greek mathematical corpus, including works of Euclid, Archimedes (c. 285–212/211 bc ), Apollonius of Perga (c. 262–190 bc ), Ptolemy (fl. ad 127–145), and Diophantus, had been translated into Arabic.

Consequently, **What mathematics was used in the Golden Age of Islam?**

Response to this: A page from The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing by Al-Khwarizmi Mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, was built on Greek mathematics ( Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics ( Aryabhata, Brahmagupta ).

Correspondingly, **Why are Arabic mathematicians important?** Arabic mathematicians have always been remembered for developing algebra and trigonometry, combining Greek geometry with Indian and Babylonian ideas, re-introducing zero to modern civilization, and contributing through applied mathematics in astronomy.

Moreover, **Was mathematics written in Arabic?**

Answer will be: Although most Islamic texts on mathematics were written in Arabic, most of them were not written by Arabs, since much like the status of Greek in the Hellenistic world, Arabic was used as the written language of non-Arab scholars throughout the Islamic world at the time.

**What is the history of mathematics?** The history of mathematics deals with the origin of discoveries in mathematics and the mathematical methods and notation of the past. Before the modern age and the worldwide spread of knowledge, written examples of new mathematical developments have come to light only in a few locales.

In this manner, **What type of algebra did the Arabs use?** Throughout their time in power, the Arabs used a fully rhetorical algebra, where often even the numbers were spelled out in words.

Thereof, **What mathematics was used in the Golden Age of Islam?**

Response to this: A page from The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing by Al-Khwarizmi Mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, was built on Greek mathematics ( Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics ( Aryabhata, Brahmagupta ).