# What is mathematical proof and why is it important?

Contents

Mathematical proof is a rigorous process of reasoning that demonstrates the truth of a mathematical statement. It is important because it establishes the validity of mathematical ideas and theories, allowing for the development of new knowledge and applications.

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Mathematical proof is the rigorous process of reasoning that demonstrates the truth of a mathematical statement. Through a systematic and logical approach, mathematicians use a set of axioms and rules of deduction to reach a valid conclusion. In the words of the mathematician Henri Poincaré, “Mathematics is the art of giving the same name to different things.” Mathematical proof is the tool used to ensure that these different things are indeed the same.

A mathematical proof is a way of demonstrating that a mathematical statement is logically true. It is important because it provides the evidence needed to establish the validity of mathematical ideas and theories. This allows for the development of new knowledge and applications in various fields, such as physics, engineering, and computer science.

Proof is also essential for education. By learning how to construct a proof, students develop critical thinking skills that are valuable for problem-solving and decision-making. In addition, understanding the proof allows students to gain a deeper understanding of the underlying mathematical concepts.

One interesting fact about mathematical proof is that it has a long and rich history. Greek mathematician Euclid (c. 300 BCE) is credited with writing Elements, a book that sets out a systematic approach to geometry and includes over 400 proofs. Another fascinating aspect of mathematical proof is that there can be multiple ways to prove the same statement. For example, the Pythagorean theorem has over 400 known proofs!

A table summarizing the key components of a mathematical proof is as follows:

Component Description
Statement The mathematical statement to be proven
Axioms Fundamental statements that are assumed to be true
Propositions Specific statements that follow from the axioms
Deductive reasoning Logical arguments based on the axioms and propositions
Conclusion The final statement that demonstrates the truth of the original statement

In conclusion, mathematical proof is a fundamental tool used to establish the validity of mathematical ideas and theories, allowing for the development of new knowledge and applications in various fields. By understanding the proof, students develop critical thinking skills and gain a deeper understanding of the underlying mathematical concepts. As Bertrand Russell once wrote, “Mathematics, rightly viewed, possesses not only truth but supreme beauty.”

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## Response via video

In this video, Alexander Knop explains the concept of a mathematical proof as a sequence of true statements that begins with what is already known and ends with the statement to be proven. He also emphasizes that in mathematics, an implication is true if and only if the initial statement is true and the conclusion statement is also true irrespective of the truth value of any other statements. Despite differing from everyday language, this definition of implication is useful for creating logical arguments in mathematics.

## I discovered more solutions online

According to Bleiler-Baxter & Pair [22], for a mathematician, a proof serves to convince or justify that a certain statement is true. But it also helps to increase the understanding of the result and the related concepts. That is why a proof also has the role of explanation.

Mathematical proof is a convincing argument that some mathematical statement is true. A proof should contain enough mathematical detail to be convincing to the person (s) to whom the proof is addressed. A proof is a string of implications and equivalences, where the entire text is the answer. A proof is based on statements and logical operators. A statement is either true or false but not both. Logical operators are AND, OR, NOT, If then, and If and only if.

A proof in mathematics is a convincing argument that some mathematical statement is true. A proof should contain enough mathematical detail to be convincing to the person (s) to whom the proof is addressed. In essence, a proof is an argument that communicates a mathematical truth to another person (who has the appropriate mathematical background).

Mathematical proof is an argument we give logically to validate a mathematical statement. In order to validate a statement, we consider two things: A statement and Logical operators. A statement is either true or false but not both. Logical operators are AND, OR, NOT, If then, and If and only if.

In math, being able to prove what you are doing is of great importance. A proof is a string of implications and equivalences, where the entire text is the answer. In a regular mathematical problem, you often draw two lines beneath your last expression to show that you have reached a final answer.

Proofs are important because proofs are just understanding how we know that something is true. This is what mathematics is all about!

What if all you care about is using the results of mathematics: you don’t particularly care about why it works, just how to use it. Should you still care about proofs?

Yes!

I am teaching infinite series in calculus at the moment, so I will use an example from this subject to illustrate some reasons why.

One result which is important in the study of infinite series is that if a and r are two real numbers then:

a+ar+ar2+ar3+ar4+⋯=a1−r if −1<r<1.

You knew that, The idea and demonstration of mathematical proof were first presented in ancient Greek mathematics. Thales and Hippocrates gave the first proofs of the fundamental theorems in geometry. The axiomatic method given by Euclid revolutionized mathematical proof.
Did you know: Mathematicians are proud that their deductive proofs are irrefutable. Assuming that the proof is correct, this is true. However, note that this is in spite of the mathematician. It is in the nature of the deductive method – from the general to the particular.

Then, What is the purpose of a mathematical proof?
Answer: A mathematical proof is a way to demonstrate that a statement is verifiably true or false. It is important to have definitive truths in mathematics. Otherwise, there would be no knowing whether a statement is true or false.

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People also ask, Why are proofs important in real life?
However, proofs aren’t just ways to show that statements are true or valid. They help to confirm a student’s true understanding of axioms, rules, theorems, givens and hypotheses. And they confirm how and why geometry helps explain our world and how it works.

Consequently, What does proof mean mathematics in the modern world?
Answer will be: A proof is a logical argument that establishes the truth of a statement. The argument derives its conclusions from the premises of the statement, other theorems, definitions, and, ultimately, the postulates of the mathematical system in which the claim is based.

What is the importance of proof in research? To summarize: Evidence supports assertions instead of being complete proof. Evidence provides analysis and data for the efficiency of our work. Evidence gives the opportunity to reflect on and suggest improvements to services.

Why are proofs important in mathematics? Response will be: Proofs are the machinery that allows mathematicians to demonstrate definitively that a statement is a fact. Some benefits of proofs include: Proofs show that a mathematical statement is true or false. Proofs are helpful for understanding why a mathematical statement is true. This is why proofs are important in mathematics.

Moreover, What are the benefits of learning to prove mathematical statements?
The skills you develop in learning to prove mathematical statements are useful in many other areas of life. You learn logic, which lets you recognize when a supposed "proof" (whether in math or life) is flawed and shouldn’t be believed. See our FAQ section on False Proofs: http://mathforum.org/dr.math/faq/faq.false.proof.html.

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Subsequently, Why do you need a Metamath Proof?
Answer to this: Metamath also effectively provides an book of mathematical proofs at a consistent careful level, meaning if you find you don’t understand a proof, the Metamath proof, if there is one, will provide all the details. You need a proof to know that what you’ve observed is true beyond the cases where you observed it.

What is a proof based on?
A proof must use correct, logical reasoning and be based on previously established results. These previous results can be axioms, definitions, or previously proven theorems. These terms are discussed in the sections below.

Also, Why are proofs important in mathematics? Answer: Proofs are the machinery that allows mathematicians to demonstrate definitively that a statement is a fact. Some benefits of proofs include: Proofs show that a mathematical statement is true or false. Proofs are helpful for understanding why a mathematical statement is true. This is why proofs are important in mathematics.

Also question is, Is statistical proof a mathematical proof?
Response will be: While using mathematical proof to establish theorems in statistics, it is usually not a mathematical proof in that the assumptions from which probability statements are derived require empirical evidence from outside mathematics to verify.

Beside above, Who invented mathematical proof? Response: Mathematical proof was revolutionized by Euclid (300 BCE), who introduced the axiomatic method still in use today. It starts with undefined terms and axioms, propositions concerning the undefined terms which are assumed to be self-evidently true (from Greek "axios", something worthy).

Also to know is, How important are proofs in engineering?
Answer: Proofs are important to "get" engineering, but are not directly used. I see three aspects of learning proofs as important: Logic, Process, and Ontology. Logic is the simplest: you need to know how logic works. It’s foundational.

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