Mathematics began to flourish in Baghdad during the Islamic Golden Age in the 8th century, particularly under the Abbasid Caliphate.

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Mathematics began to flourish in Baghdad during the Islamic Golden Age in the 8th century, particularly under the Abbasid Caliphate. During this time, mathematicians made significant contributions to the field, including the development of algebra and the decimal system.

One of the most famous mathematicians from this period was al-Khwarizmi, who wrote the book Al-Jabr wa’al-Muqabala (Algebra), which introduced the concept of equations and laid the groundwork for modern algebra. Another prominent mathematician was al-Kindi, who made contributions to geometry and number theory.

One interesting fact about mathematics in Baghdad during this time is that it was closely tied to astronomy. Mathematicians and astronomers worked together to create tables and formulas to predict the movements of the planets and stars.

Another interesting fact is that the Arabic numerals, which are widely used today, were actually invented in India, but were introduced to the Arab world through translations and trade. The introduction of the decimal system and zero was a significant development in mathematics, as it allowed for complex calculations to be performed more easily.

A quote from the mathematician and philosopher, Abu Ali al-Hussein ibn Abdallah ibn Sina, also known as Avicenna, sums up the importance of mathematics during the Islamic Golden Age:

“The syllogism consists of propositions, propositions consist of words, words are symbols of notions. Therefore, if the notions themselves, which are the objects of our reasoning, are confused and ambiguous, nothing built on them is sound. The only hope of arriving at sound conclusions is to understand the true nature of the objects of our conceptions.”

Here is a table showcasing some of the prominent mathematicians and their contributions during the Islamic Golden Age in Baghdad:

Mathematician | Contributions |
---|---|

al-Khwarizmi | Algebra, algorithms |

al-Kindi | Number theory, geometry |

Thabit ibn Qurra | Trigonometry, mechanics |

al-Battani | Astronomy, trigonometry |

Ibn al-Haytham | Optics, mathematics |

Omar Khayyam | Algebra, geometry |

Overall, the contributions of mathematicians in Baghdad during the Islamic Golden Age laid the foundation for many of the mathematical concepts and systems that are still used today.

## See the answer to “Where did mathematics begin in Baghdad?” in this video

The word “algorithm” stems from the name of a Persian mathematician and scholar, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi. Al-Khwarizmi was a director in the House of Wisdom and made significant contributions to mathematics, astronomy, geography, and cartography. He introduced Hindu-Arabic numerals to the West and contributed to maths by showing how complex problems could be broken down into simpler parts and solved. This paved the way for the computer age, as the principles of algorithms became the foundation for modern computing.

## Other responses to your inquiry

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, a Persian scholar in

the House of Wisdomin Baghdad was the founder of algebra, is along with the Greek mathematician Diophantus, known as the father of algebra.

Answer:Al-Khwarizmi (8th–9th centuries) was instrumental in the adoption of the Hindu-Arabic numeral system and the development of algebra, introduced methods of simplifying equations, and used Euclidean geometry in his proofs.Explanation:give me brainliest

## Also people ask

The earliest evidence of written mathematics dates back to the ancient Sumerians, who built the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia. They developed a complex system of metrology from 3000 BC.

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The first true algebra text which is still extant is the work on al-jabr and al-muqabala by Mohammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, written in Baghdad around 825.

*Baghdad in the House of Wisdom (bayt al-hikma)*. The House of Wisdom was primarily a library and a place for translation and research.

*ancient Sumerians*, who built the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia. They developed a complex system of metrology from 3000 BC. From around 2500 BC onward, the Sumerians wrote multiplication tables on clay tablets and dealt with geometrical exercises and division problems.

*end of the 9th century*a significant Greek mathematical corpus, including works of Euclid, Archimedes (c. 285–212/211 bc ), Apollonius of Perga (c. 262–190 bc ), Ptolemy (fl. ad 127–145), and Diophantus, had been translated into Arabic.

## Relevant information

**Interesting:**Islamic mathematicians translated virtually every surviving Greek text on mathematics and they were certainly aware of the Greek discoveries and formulations of problems. In fact, the earliest Muslim text describing algebra describes problems that could only have been translated from the Greeks. Al-Daffa, A.A. The Muslim Contribution to Mathematics. Maor, Eli.