Islam contributed to the development of mathematics through the preservation, translation, and expansion of the works of Greek, Indian, and Persian mathematicians, as well as the invention of new mathematical concepts and techniques, such as algebra and trigonometry.

## So let us dig a little deeper

Islam made significant contributions to the field of mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, which lasted from the 8th to the 15th century. Muslim mathematicians built upon the works of their Greek, Indian, and Persian predecessors, developing new concepts and techniques that helped shape the course of mathematics for centuries to come.

One of the major contributions of Islamic mathematics was the preservation and translation of ancient works. Muslims translated Greek and Indian mathematical texts into Arabic, ensuring that these works were available to future generations. They also expanded upon these works, developing new concepts and techniques that were not present in the original texts.

Perhaps the most significant development in Islamic mathematics was the invention of algebra. The word “algebra” comes from the Arabic word “al-jabr,” which means “reunion of broken parts.” Muslim mathematicians developed a system of symbols and equations that could be used to solve complex problems, paving the way for modern algebra.

Islamic mathematicians also made significant contributions to the field of trigonometry. They developed new techniques for measuring angles and distances, as well as charts and tables that could be used to solve trigonometric problems.

The contributions of Islamic mathematicians were recognized by scholars throughout the world. As the 19th century mathematician Augustus De Morgan wrote:

“…the Arabians were not only the inventors of algebra, but they also possessed great knowledge of trigonometry, arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy.”

Some interesting facts about Islamic mathematics include:

- The great Persian mathematician Al-Khwarizmi wrote a book on algebra that was translated into Latin in the 12th century. This book introduced the concept of “algorithms,” which are still used today in computer science.
- The Egyptian mathematician Thabit ibn Qurra made significant contributions to the field of number theory, including his discovery of the Pythagorean triple theorem.
- The mathematician Al-Kashi developed a method for calculating pi that was more accurate than any previous method.
- The medieval Islamic world was home to numerous centers of learning, including the House of Wisdom in Baghdad and the Alhambra in Granada, where scholars gathered to study and share knowledge.

In conclusion, Islam made significant contributions to the development of mathematics through the preservation, translation, and expansion of ancient works, as well as the invention of new concepts and techniques. These contributions helped shape the course of mathematics for centuries to come, and continue to influence the field to this day.

Table:

Islamic mathematician | Contributions |
---|---|

al-Khwarizmi | Invention of algebra |

Thabit ibn Qurra | Contributions to number theory |

al-Kashi | Development of a method for calculating pi |

Omar Khayyam | Contributions to algebra and geometry |

al-Farabi | Development of new techniques for solving equations |

al-Biruni | Development of a method for determining the radius of the Earth |

## Answer in the video

During the golden age of Islam in the 8th to 12th century, mathematics experienced significant advancements in the Islamic world. Muslim mathematicians widely adopted and popularized the Indian numeral system, and some of the most notable mathematicians of the time include Muhammad al-Qarismi, Abu al-Bafar al-Buzzani, and Ibrahim ibn Sinan, who made significant contributions to the development of algebra, trigonometry, and geometry. The practical applications of mathematics were also evident, as seen in calculating the direction of the qibla, which enabled Muslims to perform their daily prayers no matter where they were.

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Muslim mathematicians invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it – addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, raising to a power, and extracting the square root and the cubic root.

Specifically, they invented the algebra that most learn in school today, made significant advances in the field of trigonometry, and helped form a synthesis of mathematical ideas, fusing the best of Greek mathematics with important Hindu and Persian concepts to create a mathematical structure that was far grander than what they had inherited.

The 7th to the 13th century was the golden age of Muslim learning. In mathematics they contributed and

invented the present arithmetical decimal systemand the fundamental operations connected with it: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, exponentiation, and extracting the root. They also introduced the ‘zero’ concept to the world.

Islamic scientists in the 10th century were involved in three major mathematical projects: the

completion of arithmetic algorithms, the development of algebra, and the extension of geometry.

A systematic study of methods for solving quadratic equations constituted a central concern of Islamic mathematicians. A no less central contribution was related to the Islamic reception and transmission of ideas related to the Indian system of numeration, to which they added decimal fractions (fractions such as 0.125, or 1/8).

In the spirit of the advice of the prophet Muhammad to always be seeking knowledge, the early Arab world made a formidable number of important contributions to modern civilization in many areas, including science and math. Muslim scholars are credited with borrowing from and extending the mathematical knowledge of the Greeks, Egyptians, Indians, and Babylonians. A number system borrowed from India, and another one from Babylon were blended over the years to create the system of Arabic numbers we use today. Additionally, the “fathers” of algebra and trigonometry were scholars of the Arab world.

In the natural world, Muslim scholars studied and pioneered ideas in astronomy, which were necessary to their religious practices; they needed to keep track of the months to celebrate Ramadan, the hours, to pray at the appropriate times, and the direction one must face toward Mecca. The first observatories and the astrolabe are credited to these scholars. The world of Islam can also claim credit …

## Surely you will be interested in these topics

### What were the Islamic developments in math?

Islamic scientists in the 10th century were involved in three major mathematical projects: **the completion of arithmetic algorithms, the development of algebra, and the extension of geometry**.

### What impact did the Islamic world have on mathematics?

The answer is: Islamic mathematicians **quickly adopted the Indian system of numerals**, which we know today as Arabic numerals. Other contributions included creating algebra, the use of decimals, mathematical induction, and trigonometry, among others.

### What number did Islam contribute to the field of mathematics?

IN MATHEMATICS:

The Muslims developed the symbol for zero and they systematized the numbers into the decimal system – **base 10**.

Similar

### What was the most importance of the Islamic world to mathematics?

**The introduction of the number zero** was especially important for mathematics, and the number 0 was used for about 250 years throughout the Islamic world before Europe ever heard of it! He also introduced the Hindu concept of decimal positioning notation to the Arab and European worlds, which we still use today!

### How did Islamic civilization contribute to modern mathematics?

Response will be: No wonder the Islamic civilization also contributed significantly to the development of the branch of modern mathematics. In the field of geometry, an Islamic scientist name Ibn al-Haitham **developed an analytical geometry that links geometry with algebra**. In addition, he also introduced the concept of movement and transformation in geometry.

### What did Islamic scientists do in the 10th century?

Response to this: Islamic scientists in the 10th century were involved in three major mathematical projects: the completion of arithmetic algorithms, the development of algebra, and the extension of geometry.

### How did Muslims contribute to science?

The response is: Unfortunately, the contributions of Muslims often go unrecognized. Muslim scholars contributed to science in many aspects such as **mathematics, astronomy, geography, philosophy, medicine, art, architecture** and so on. However, today few realize that in that era Islam played an important role in all aspects of life.

### Is philosophy of mathematics an independent discipline in the medieval Islamic world?

Response: Putting these scattered engagements together, it becomes clear that although philosophy of mathematics has **never been treated as an independent discipline** in the medieval Islamic world, Muslim thinkers came up with very interesting and profound ideas, insights, and arguments about at least some philosophical issues related to mathematics.

### When did Muslims contribute to mathematics?

The answer is: When we talk about Muslim contributions to mathematics we are usually referring to the years between 622 and 1600 ce. This was the golden era of Islam when it was influential both as a culture and religion, and was widespread from Anatolia to North Africa, from Spain to India.

### How did Muslims contribute to science?

As an answer to this: Unfortunately, the contributions of Muslims often go unrecognized. Muslim scholars contributed to science in many aspects such as **mathematics, astronomy, geography, philosophy, medicine, art, architecture** and so on. However, today few realize that in that era Islam played an important role in all aspects of life.

### Is philosophy of mathematics an independent discipline in the medieval Islamic world?

The response is: Putting these scattered engagements together, it becomes clear that although philosophy of mathematics has never been treated as an independent discipline in the medieval Islamic world, Muslim thinkers came up with very interesting and profound ideas, insights, and arguments about at least some philosophical issues related to mathematics.

### What did Islamic scientists do in the 10th century?

Answer to this: Islamic scientists in the 10th century were involved in three major mathematical projects: the completion of arithmetic algorithms, the development of algebra, and the extension of geometry.